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Tyche was a Greco-Roman goddess of good fortune. She appeared as a nereid in the in the Hymn to Demeter (Homer). According to Hesiod's Theogony she is the daughter of Okeanos, but elsewhere she is said to be the daughter of Zeus and Hera. She is depicted as carrying a rudder or, alternatively, cornucopia. She was also known as Agathe Tyche, the consort of Agathos Daimon. Tyche became widely identified with the Asian mother goddess Kybele but was replaced, in the Roman era, by the goddess Fortuna and was associated symbolically with a wheel device. She was popular for a long time. It was recorded that the Emperor Julian sacrifice to Tyche in Antioch in 361-362 AD and her temple was still intact during the reign of Theodosius (379-395). A.G.H.


Jordan, Michael, Encyclopedia of Gods, New York, Facts On File, Inc. 1993, p. 269

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