Demon name meaning
He is in the heavenly hierarchies as well as among the fallen angels. In the Chronicles of Jerahmeel Samael is the”chief of the Satans”. Even though this work depicted him as being one of the most wickest angels, he is an angel in the service of the Lord.
The Angel of death Samael
The evil side of Samael is depict in Jewish lore. He is the angel of death, and collector of Moses’ soul. In the Haggadah Samael is the guardian of Jacob’s brother Esau. This presents Samael as a wicked angel. Because Esau is wicked only thinking of worldly things and drawn to worship in places of idolatry.
In the Zohar
Some think that it is almost inconceivable that Gregory I (90-604), Saint Gregory, named Samael among the seven archangels.
Even though it is possible that Gregory I might not have know all of the Jewish lore surrounding Samael his declaration may not be as inconceivable as it initially appears. Samael before he fell may have been an archangel, The Chronicles of Jerahmeel described Samael as being “chief of the Satans” indicating he was an angel of great status. Also one of the most wickedest. In Moncure Daniel Conway’s Demonology and Devil-Lore, Samael, functioning as the left hand of God, is consort of both the voluptuous maiden Naamah and the arch-she-devil Lilith.
Lilith and Samael
This gives Samael and Lilith a commonality: both are renegades of God. A. E. Waite in his work The Holy Kabbalah defines Samael as the “severity of God”. He also equates him with Satan and the Serpent. Satan and the Serpent are synonymous with the Devil. God cast out the Devil for his pride by not honoring man. Lilith was cast out for about the same reason.
But the association of Lilith and Samael is in Hebrew lore. In the Song of Songs (1:7) one reads that God created both the Sun and Moon and they burned equally brightly. But the Sun and Moon argued over their brightness, so to dismiss this argument God sent the Moon away. When the Moon separated from the Sun she did not shine as brightly.
In the Kabbalah
Samael (Hebrew SMAL, “The Liars”) in Kabbalistic tradition are the Qlippoth. Demonic powers associated with Hod, the eighth Sephirah of the Tree of Life. In their traditional appearance is that of dull-coloreddogs with demon-like heads. The cortex is Theuniel, Kingdom of Shells, under the archdemon Adramelek.
Samael, The Desolation of God or the Left Hand, is the very opposite of Hod. The absolute will of God, in that the Qlippoth represents the complete desolation of a fallen or failed creation. The outer form Theuniel is also the Filthy Wailing Ones of God. Adramelek, name means a powerful king or demon. Some say he is more ambitious than Satan. Adrammelech was synonymous to the Hebrew god Moloch (see Molech) to whom human sacrifices were made. A.G.H.
Biedermnn, Hans. Dictionary of Symbolism: Cultural Icons & the Meanings Behind Them.Transl. by James Greer, John Michael. The New Encyclopedia of the Occult. St. Paul, MN, Llewellyn Worldwide. p. 416
Greer, John Michael. The New Encyclopedia of the Occult. St. Paul, MN, Llewellyn Worldwide. p. 416