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Ticci Viracocha

Ticci Viracocha, is said to be the Creator of all things by both the Indians of the Collao and the highland people of South America. Most believe his chief abode is in heaven. But others whom they say are deceived by the Devil and believe in other gods as the heathens did.

Following the period without sun a white man of large stature and authoritative demeanor appeared. He possessed great power to transform hills into valleys and great valleys into hills, causing streams to flow from the living stone. When witnessing his power the people called him Maker of all things, created and Prince of all things, Father of the sun. They said these things because he did other things as well like giving being to man and animal; in a word or by hand he acquired benefits for them. Such Indian stories have been told through generations traveling from the ancients.

There are legends of this man whom many called Ticci Viracocha traveling to the north among the people in the highlands and instructing them how to live so not to damage or injure each other but to love and be kind to one another. This man is known by several names such as Tuapaca (Thunupa) and Arunua in the various parts of the province of Collao. Various statures of him were built to honor him. However there are no stories of him returning to any of the villages he visited.

There are further stories about a second man similar in appearance to Ticci Viracocha but his name is not given. According to the peoples' forbears wherever he passed he healed and restored sight to the blind by words alone. But even after working such miracles in one village, Cacha, the people rose up and turned against him intending to stone him. Then he knelt and raised his hands in prayer toward the sky. The people saw fire then appear in the sky as if to consume them. Fearfully they approached the man whom they sought to stone and besought his forgiveness because they regarded the fire as their punishment. Then they witnessed the fire being extinguished at his command. After this he went to the coast, holding his mantle went amidst the wave to be seen no more. The people named this man Viracocha, which means "foam of the sea." A.G.H.


Osborne, Harold. South American Mythology. "Library of the World's Myths and Legends." New York. Peter Bedrick Books. 1968, 1985. pp. 68-70

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