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Mithras was a god of soldiers, Greco-Roman. Derived from the Indian-Persian model, he was especially prominent among the military throughout the Roman Empire during the first and second centuries AD as a god symbolizing loyalty and truth. His rituals were performed in underground, cave-like temples, the mithraeum, and involved the sacrificing of a bull. Under Roman influence, Mithraism was an exclusive male cult. A.G.H.


Jordan, Michael, Encyclopedia of Gods, New York, Facts On File, Inc. 1993, p. 167

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