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One also sees him in the renowned Dead Sea Scrolls text 1QM, War of the Sons of Light and the Sons of Darkness," described as an "angel of darkness." He exists in his dark dominion to bring wickedness and guilt to the sons of man. In this cosmic war he is depicted as the leader of the Sons of Darkness, angels of destruction. Appearing in another fragment of the Qumran, Testament of Amram, he is similarly depicted as leader of the armies of the Sons of Darkness vigorously opposing the angel Michael, leader of the armies of the Sons of Light. Here Belial is described as possessing a dark and frightful countenance, and a "visage like a viper." His titles are the King of Evil and the Prince of Darkness.
In the Goetia he is the sixty-eighth demon, ranked as the king of demons and second only to Lucifer. He grants his supplicants offices and other distinctions, also bringing favor to the magickan from friends and foes. He speaks with a comely voice appearing in form of not one but two beautiful angels standing in a chariot of fire.
He appears in other works including Dr. Rudd's Treatise on Angel Magic. In a traditional demonic hierarchy Charles Berbiguier lists Belial as Hell's ambassador to Turkey. In the widespread fifteenth-century European morality tale recorded in Buche de Belial by Jacobus de Teramos Belial was popular when depicted as the tempter of mankind, and this tale may have inspired the Faust legend.
In Wierus' Pseudomonarchia Daemonus the demon is listed as Beliall.
Together with Bilieth and Asmoday he is listed as one of the top three
ranking demons among the seventy-two infernal kings entrapped by King Solomon
in the vessel of brass. Also in this text he is described as the father
and seducer of all the angels that fell. Having a deceitful nature he will
only tell the truth when commanded to under the threat of divine names.
The Pseudomonarchia described him as manifesting as a single
beautiful angel standing in a chariot of fire. He also can appear in the
form of an exorcist in the bonds of spirits. Belial commands eight legions
of spirits, some from the Order of Virtues and some from the Order of
Angels. He provides excellent familiars.
According to the Goetia of Dr. Rudd, Belial can be constrained by
the angel Habujah and belongs to the same angelic order as Lucifer.
The occultist S. L. Mathers in his 1898 translation of the Sacred Magic of Abramelin the Mage, Leviathan is ranked as one of the four principle demons beside Lucifer, Satan, and Bileth. A.G.H.
Belanger, Michelle. The Dictionary of Demon: Names of the Damneds. Llewellen Publications. 2010. ebook. Bowker, John, The Oxford Dictionary of World Religions, New York, Oxford University Press, 1997, p. 134 Greer, John Michael. The New Encyclopedia of the Occult. St. Paul. MN. Llewellyn Worldwide. 2005. p. 62