Yazatas is the collective name for all divine beings, according to Zoroastrianism, they are direct or indirect emanations of Ahura Mazda, and are considered “Beings worthy of worship.” Although the title Amesha Spentass may be applied to any of these divinities, Yazatas is usually reserved for the lesser ones. A.G.H. Sources: Boyce, Mary, Zoroastrians: Their Religious Beliefs and Practices, New … Read more

Vohu Manah

Vohu Manah, in Pahlavi: Vohuman, or Good Spirit, ensures the presence of God in the soul of the just, and leads them to Paradise. His equivalent is the bovine (the bull or cow which provides the urine or milk to be mixed with the homa of the sacrifice). He is lord of fifth creation, the cow or … Read more

Time and the Zurvan myth

  The specific concept of time in both Iran and India is described as being composed of three successive or connecting phases: the succession of events (infinite time); the wearing away or erosion of beings, their transformation and death; and their greater or lesser renewal according to the prevailing concept of time as cyclic or … Read more


  Thraetona conquered Dahaka, whom he chained to Mount Demavand who Kersasp was to kill at the end of the world, is important in the role as the universal king. When he divides the world between his three sons, Salm, Toz, and Erji, he grants them wishes. The first asks for wealth, the second for … Read more


  Sroash is a lesser divinity who personifies Obedience and also is the guardian of prayer. He along with others were invoked by Zoroaster a number of times as the ‘other Ahuras’ in the Gathas. Sraosh accompanying Mithra and Rashnu held the scales of justice which judge the soul according to previous thoughts, words, and acts to determine whether it was … Read more

Spenta Mainyu

  Spenta Mainyu is the Holy Spirit of Ahura Mazda. In Zoroaster’s initial vision the first act which he conceived Ahura Mazda performing was the evocation of the six lesser divinities through his Holy Spirit, Spenta Mainyu. It has been theorized by some scholars, particularly Maneckji Dhalla, that Ahura Mazda was hypothetically the father of the twin Spirits … Read more