Apis, an Egyptian bull god, was the personification of the creator god Ptah in Memphis. He is an intermediary between the supreme god and human beings. His mother Isis could … Read more


Tefnut, primordial Egyptian goddess of moisture, is one of the first nine deities in the Heliopolitan Theological System. According to the genealogy of the priests of Heliopolis, she was created from … Read more


Seth (or Set) was among the first nine deities in the Heliopolitan Theological System, probably originating from Libya, whose followers appeared to have worshipped him under crocodile and hippopotamus fetishes. At first … Read more


Seshat, a very ancient goddess who was believed to be the sister and more commonly the wife of Thoth, was the deity of writing and measurement until such functions were ascribed … Read more


Ra (or Re or Phra), the personification of the sun, was the ancient Egyptian sun god. His name meant the sun, and he represented its strength. Earlier he was identified … Read more


Ptah was an Egyptian creator god and god of craftsmen. His reign was from 3000 BCE, possibly earlier, to the end of ancient Egyptian history, about fourth century CE, with … Read more


Osiris was an ancient corn-deity who followers, who came probably from Syria, identified their god with a pastoral deity called Andjeti and established themselves in his Delta city in predynastic times. … Read more


Nut was the Egyptian sky goddess usually portrayed as a giant naked lady with her back arched over the earth. Su supported her so only Nut’s fingertips and toes touched the earth. Though … Read more


Nun (or Nu) was chaos or the primeval waters from which all life immanent, and was guarded by four androgynous frogs and serpent-headed deities. Atum, father of all gods, rose from … Read more


Nephthys, the second daughter of Nut and born on the fifth intercalary day, was the consort of Seth, her brother, but her loyalties were with Osiris. Her name means “Lady of the House” and … Read more


Neith is a goddess of Lower Egypt particularly associated with Sais but soon incorporated into the national pantheon with a sanctuary at Memphis. According to legend Neith emerged from the … Read more


Min, Egyptian fertility god, was the most important deity in the Egyptian pantheon in respect to sexual virility. He was worshipped from about 3000 BC until Christianization, ca. 400 AD. … Read more


Maat was the Egyptian goddess of cosmic order and truth. She was a minor deity recognized from the middle of the third millennium, perhaps earlier, closely associated with the creator … Read more


Keket (or Kauket) in egyptian mythology was a primordial goddess, one of eight Egyptian deities composing the ogdoad in the Hermopolitan Theological System who represented chaos. Her consort was Kek. She is … Read more


Isis is the Egyptian great Mother Goddess, prototype of the faithful wife and fertility, and protective mother in egyptian mythology. She is associated with Sirius, the dog star, the rising of which … Read more

Horus Behdety

Horus Behdety was the form of Horus the Elder worshipped in the western delta at Behdet. When his worshippers spread to Upper Egypt and established their cult center at Edfu, … Read more


Horus is one of the most universally important gods of the Egyptian pantheon, which is attested to by the earliest records. According to legend he was born at Khemmis in the … Read more


Hehet (or Hauhet) was a primordial goddess, one of eight Egyptian deities composing the ogdoad in the Hermopolitan Theological System who represented chaos. Her consort was Heh. She is one of the four … Read more


Hathor was worshipped as various cow goddesses in different parts of Egypt, but was early identified as Hathor of Denderah. She was represented as either a cow with a solar … Read more


Haroeris, one of the oldest forms of Horus, was derived from a combination of the falcon-god with an indigenous deity Wer, “the Great One,” a god of light whose eyes were … Read more


Harmakhis, “Horus of the Horizon,” personified the rising sun and was associated with Khepri as symbolizing resurrection and eternal life. Though sometimes represented as a falcon-headed man wearing a variety … Read more


Harakhte, whose name meant “Horus of the Horizon,” and who was also called “Horus of the Two Horizons”. It was the form that Horus took when light was emphasized. He was … Read more