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Soul of the World
In both the Greek and Roman philosophies Shakti was referred to as the Soul of the World for she was the primordial animation of the body which she gave to the cosmos. All further manifestations were conceived as coming from the Soul of the World. The Greek and Roman philosophers like the Hindu philosophers thought and wrote of Shakti as being feminine, or the feminine principle; but the recognized that they were describing and discussing a spiritual deity who possessed neither a masculine nor feminine gender, so the Soul of the World was the cosmic essence itself.
Being the cosmic essence the Soul of the World therefore could be called the Great Goddess or God as some prefer. The designation of gender to any spiritual deity is strictly to assist the comprehension of the human mind. This also is true of the Christian God. The Gnostic spiritual mother deity was Sophia. Whatever name this mother or creative deity is called the name refers to the essence of nature. Such essence includes natural structure and its animation, the cosmic structure and its ability to function. This applies to everything within the cosmos and is why Shakti is said to be the facilitator of creation.
It should be noted that the Greek philosopher Plato distinguished the Soul of the World, the "fairest of creations," from the supreme creative source, the "best of causes" which he described as unknowable but characterized as male. However, in the Hindu tradition no such distinction exists between Shakti and the Brahma. Since Christianity shares both Judeo and Greek teaching one sees how the all-male God readily evolved. Except, the Kabbalist Jews still retained the female element, Shekina, in their God. A.G.H.
Tyson, Donald. Sexual Alchemy: Magical Intercourse with
Spirits.St. Paul, MN. Llewellyn Publications. 2000. pp. 28-29