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of interpreting the character and destiny of an individual by the lines
in the human forehead. The term originates from the Greek metopon.
It was developed by the renown physician, mathematician and astrologer Jerome
His work of over 800 illustrations of the face was illustrated in an edition
published by C. M. Laurenderiea titled Metoposcopia libris tredecim,
et octingentis Faciei humanae Eicomibus complexa; cui accessis Metampodia
de Navis Corporis Tractalus Craecs etLatina nunc primum editus (Latetiae
Although these interpretations were confined to lines of the forehead (confined
with astrology) Cardan was a forerunner of the Physiognomy developed by
J. K. Lavater (1741-1801). A.G.H.