Yama,¬†twin–alternately the restrainer, is a Hindu god of death mentioned in¬†Vedic¬†texts. He is either the son of Vavasvan and Saranju, or¬†Surya¬†and¬†Sanjna, and his consort is Dhumorna or Yami. Yama is also the judge of the dead and his twin sibling Yami is the goddess of death. When¬†Krishna¬†is perceived as the embodiment of the cosmos, his eyeteeth are Yama. He evolved into a¬†dikpala, or guardian, of the southerly direction. The black buffalo is his animal, and his color is black.

This god is regarded as a guardian deity by the Buddhist-Lamaist (Tibet), one of a group of the dharmapala with terrible appearance and royal attire who guards the Dalai Lama. The deity stands upon a man. His colors are red, blue, white, or yellow; and his attributes are most commonly a noose and staff, but also club, net, shield, sword, trident, and two tusks. A.G.H.


Jordan, Michael, Encyclopedia of Gods, New York, Facts On File, Inc. 1993, pp. 291-292