Mothers day is a celebration for all the mothers.
The origin of the celebration goes back at least to Ancient Greece, where it was honored to Rhea, mother of the Zeus, Poseidon and Hades, among other gods. The Church adapted it to honor the Virgin Mary, so this celebration was initially held on December 8 in Catholic countries.
DATE OF MOTHER’S DAY BY COUNTRY
However, today Mother’s Day is celebrated on different dates depending on the countries. These are the days
– February 12: Norway
– March 26: Ireland, United Kingdom
– March 3: Georgia
– March 8: Albania, Romania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Bulgaria, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan
– March 21: Saudi Arabia, Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria
– April 7: Armenia
– May 7: Spain, Hungary, Lithuania, Portugal, South Africa
– May 8 (Father’s Day): South Korea
– May 10: Mexico, Qatar, El Salvador, United Arab Emirates, Guatemala, India, Malaysia, Oman, Pakistan, Singapore
– May 14: Germany, Australia, Austria, Brazil, Belgium (except Antwerp), Canada, Chile, China, Colombia (except Cúcuta), Croatia, Cuba, Denmark, Ecuador, United States, Estonia, Philippines, Finland, Greece, Holland, Honduras, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, New Zealand, Peru, Puerto Rico, Czech Republic, Samoa, Switzerland, Taiwan, Turkey, Ukraine, Uruguay, Venezuela
– May 15: Paraguay
– May 26: Poland
– May 27: Bolivia
– May 28: Cúcuta (Colombia), France, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Sweden, Tunisia
– May 30: Nicaragua
– August 12: Thailand
– August 15: Antwerp (Belgium), Costa Rica
– October 15: Argentina
– October 14: Belarus
– November 26: Russia
– December 8: Panama
– December 22: Indonesia
Although some English settlers in America retained the tradition of the British Mother Sunday, in the United States the first public celebration of Mother’s Day was held in the autumn of 1872, in Boston, at the initiative of the writer Julia Ward Howe (creator of the «Hymn to the republic»).
He organized a large peaceful demonstration and a religious celebration, inviting all the mothers who were victims of the war to give up their children for the militia.
After several Bostonian parties organized by Ward Howe, that pacifist Mother’s Day fell into oblivion. It was until the spring of 1907, in Grafton, in western Virginia, when Mother’s Day in the United States was reinvigorated with new strength, and Ana Jarvis, a housewife, began a national campaign to establish a dedicated day. entirely to American mothers.
In memory of a mother
After the death of his mother in 1905, Jarvis decided to write to teachers, religious, politicians, lawyers and other personalities to support her in her project to celebrate Mother’s Day, on the anniversary of the death of her own mother, the second Sunday of May.
It had many answers, and in 1910 this date was already celebrated in almost all United States.
In 1914, President Woodrow Wilson signed the proclamation of Mother’s Day as a national holiday, which was to be celebrated on the second Sunday of May.
The first official celebration took place on May 10, so this day was adopted by many other countries in the world as the date of “Mother’s Day.”
In Mexico, the Aztecs already honored motherhood
To the mother of Huitzilopochtli
Honoring motherhood was also characteristic of the cultures that populated Mesoamerica before the Conquest. One of them, the Aztec, worshiped the mother of her god Huitzilopochtli, the goddess Coyolxauhqui or Maztli, who was represented by the moon.
Mythology tells that during the creation of the world was killed by the stars, that jealous, took his life so he would not give birth to his son Huitzilopochtli, who represented the sun, however, he could be born, defeating the darkness.
The Indians paid special tribute to this goddess and dedicated to her beautiful sculptures in gold and silver, which not only reveal a profound artistic sense but also the great importance they attached to motherhood.
The pilgrimage to Tepeyac
The most representative of these rituals was that celebrated in the middle of spring, on the hill of Tepeyac, in order to honor the mother of the gods, Tonantzin, whose name means “our venerable mother.”
The celebrations of motherhood among the Aztecs were sacred. Pilgrimage from different parts of ancient Mexico to honor Tonatzin was an act of cosmic communion and a recognition ceremony for the mother herself.
Tonatzin, as the historian Bibiana Dueñas says, “was” the Little Mother “, and had the greatest attribute of life; she gave it. Hence its importance and its greatest strength. It was the vital element of blood and, therefore, also war and death were its attributes. ” At festivals she was invoked as “mother of deities, of human faces and hearts.” Tonatzin appeared many times, they say, like a lady dressed elegantly in white; at night he shouted and proclaimed.
They also tell that he brought a cradle on his back, like someone who brings his son in it; he went to the market and settled among the other women; later it disappeared, leaving the cradle there. When the other women noticed the cradle was forgotten, they looked out at her and found a flint, with which sacrifices were made in her honor.
When is in USA?
Next mothers day are:
|Sun||May 13||2018||Mother’s Day|
|Sun||May 12||2019||Mother’s Day|
|Sun||May 10||2020||Mother’s Day|
See also related articles: