The full date of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, which has intrigued scholars of the Bible for more than a millennium, seems to have been definitively determined by two scientists at the University of Oxford (United Kingdom) with the help of modern astrophysics, according to reported the Spiegel magazine. The data was obtained after confirming that the death of Jesus coincided with a partial eclipse of the Moon.
The man nailed to a cross on the hill of Golgotha, on the outskirts of Jerusalem, was painfully approaching death in the midst of immense agony. For six hours, from nine in the morning until approximately. At three o’clock in the afternoon, he was fighting against death. A group of spectators remained standing around the dying man, leaning on a wooden structure under which the Roman legionaries stood guard. Several natural phenomena contributed to transform the slow agony of itinerant preacher Jesus of Nazareth in a show that instilled fear. Towards noon, the sky darkened. The Sun disappeared behind the gray dust clouds of a furious sandstorm. Later, almost at dusk, a blood-red moon came out over Jerusalem, bathing the place of execution, on the hill of Golgotha, with a sinister twilight light. The problem of when it had happened exactly the memorable execution of Golgotha it had never been resolved with satisfactory accuracy by biblical scholars. The only thing that everyone agreed on was that Jesus was executed during the 10 years of government of the Roman procurator Pontius Pilate: sometime between the year 26 and 36. Each expert had his preferred date, based on what he considered as the most significant test.
Two scientists from the British University of Oxford, one of them an expert in metallurgy, and another astrophysicist, believe in today that they have solved the millennial enigma. After much study of source material and astronomical calculations, both scientists, Colin J. Humphreys and WG Walddington, have concluded that the founder of Christianity most likely died on April 3 of year 33, on Friday, according to most of the old Christian writers had reported.
Two theories and a date
The two scientists base their theory on a series of facts. They started from the premise that Jesus died the day before the beginning of the annual feast of Passover, which commemorates the exodus of the Jews from Egypt. The two experts also took into account the fact that this eight-day festival is always celebrated with the full moon of spring, before the equinox, during the Jewish month of Nisan, which in our modern calendar corresponds to March or April.
In the opinion of the two scientists of the University of Oxford, this indicates that at sunset on the day of the execution there was a partial eclipse of the Moon in Jerusalem. The proof of this natural phenomenon, according to scientists, is in the report drafted by the Roman procurator Pontius Pilate for Emperor Tiberius.
In this testimony, the Roman official, who in his capacity as procurator of Judea was responsible for the execution, describes the appalling phenomena that took place in heaven on the day of Jesus’ execution. “The sun went dark, stars came out in the sky, and everywhere people lit the lamps,” he wrote. For the night, added Pontius Pilate, the “moonlight was a blood red.”
The fact that the hidden part of an eclipsed Moon gives off a reddish light often occurs when the Moon is low, close to the horizon, say the two British scientists. The eclipsed area becomes completely invisible when the Moon rises in the sky. Experts claim that the reddish color had to be reinforced by the dust clouds of the sandstorm that is mentioned in almost all historical sources.
what year did Jesus die
The most important question was when there was, in the period between the year 26 and the 36, a partial eclipse of the moon at the beginning of the night and that was visible from Jerusalem. In this regard, Humphrey and Walddington had no historical data on which to base a plausible response.
The ancient Jewish calendars are full of flaws. For Jews, the year is composed of 12 lunar months. A solar year has 12 more days. The Jewish rabbis used the days to spare in the most arbitrary way. For example, inserting a month interspersed in a year if it suited them. They did so if the annual harvest was delayed. They also did it to prevent the Passover holiday from falling after the spring equinox.
Humphrey and Walddington set out to avoid the traditional errors derived from the capricious variations of the Jewish calendar. For this they determined, by complex astronomical calculations, the dates of all the full and new moons of the paschal months of Nisan between the years 26 and 36. They also calculated in a precise and mathematical way the exact dates of all the lunar eclipses that could be contemplated in said period of time from Jerusalem. His calculations showed that the Moon had suffered 12 eclipses over Palestine during the rule of Pontius Pilate. There were only two such eclipses when the Moon came out. One of these cases, as calculated, happened on January 31 of year 36, the date on which there was a total eclipse.
As for the other eclipse, only a maximum of 65% of the lunar surface was hidden. But as the Moon was rising over Jerusalem, the shadow of the Earth was diminishing. The darkened part of the Moon was in the upper half of the satellite, and therefore it was seen in the first place.
Pontius Pilate, according to Humphrey and Waddington, referred to this second eclipse, in the course of which only the third, part of the lunar disk remained in the shadow of Earth. On April 3 of year 33, say the Oxford scientists, at 1820 hours, the dark and reddish part of the Moon that resembled a bright mound appeared on the horizon of Jerusalem. size to later acquire orange and yellowish shades.
The unusual spectacle of the changing colors in the night sky, according to both British experts, had to make a profound impression on all the witnesses. In his eyes, this phenomenon must have given the Messiah nailed to the cross a kind of supernatural aura without which his message might not have survived.
Where did Jesus Die
Jesus was crucified by the Romans in Calvary or Golgotha, a place outside Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified-