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Who is? Egyptian god
Thoth (also Toth) , scribe of the Egyptian gods, was the chief deity of Khmun, or Hermopolis. He was conceived as either having the head of an ibis or of a bamboo. Its father is unknown. Some legends tell it was self created. Others that his father was Osiris, Horus or Set.
- IPA: /θəʊθ/
- Rhymes: -əʊθ
Thoth symbol is usually depicted as an ibis-headed man with a pen-and-ink holder.
He became known as the god of:
- The foundation of the law,
- Mystical wisdom,
- Hieroglyphic writing,
- And astrology.
Thus, he was called “The Lord of the Divine Books” and “Scribe of the Company of Gods.”
The symbolic meaning of the ibis, although this exact meaning has not been discovered, is thought to be associated with healing.
Sometimes Thoth is portrayed as a baboon-headed man holding a crescent moon.
The eye of horus and Thoth
The eye of Horus, also known as the udjat eye, became a funerary amulet and magical, all-seeing eye. Another name for it is eye of thoth.
The book of dead and Thoth
Thoth was the patron god of the occultists of ancient Egypt. It was petitioned in many of the spells in the Egyptian Book of the Dead.
For example the opening-of-the-mouth spell to reanimate a corpse. It was recited over a mummy by a high priest.
It was the Greeks who associated their god Hermes with Thoth. The two were almost indistinguishable.
Emerald tablets of thoth, Hermetica and Hermes
The emerald tablet of thoth have its name from Hermes trismegistus.
The book of Thoth
Again, according to legend, Thoth/Hermes gave to his successors the Book of Thoth. It is also known as the “Key to Immortality”.
It contained the secret processes for the regeneration of humanity. Also the expansion of consciousness that would enable mankind to behold the gods.
There are stories, or theories, on the Book of Thoth. Some say at first it was kept in a temple in a sealed golden box, and used in the ancient Mysteries.
When the practice of these Mysteries declined, it was carried to another unknown land.
There, it still exists after being preserved. And it still leads disciples to the presence of the Immortals.
Others hold that the Book of Thoth is actually the Tarot deck. There are tarot cards reading about it. A.G.H.
Guiley, Rosemary Ellen, The Encyclopedia of Witches and Witchcraft, New York: Facts On File, 1989, pp. 339-340
Cotterell, Arthur, A Dictionary of World Mythology, New York, G. P. Putman’s Sons, 1980, p. 51