Telepathy – Definition, scientific explanation what is and how does it work

Definition, what is and how does it work

The definition of telepathy is the psychic phenomena by which communication occurs between minds, or mind-to-mind communication (telepathically). Mental telepathy is not a superpower but a paranormal phenomena from brain activity. It requires psychic abilities about reading minds and mind control.

«Telepathy» is derived from the Greek terms tele («distant» or «distance») and pathe («occurrence» or «feeling»). So it actually means getting feelings through a distance.

Such mental communication between minds includes thoughts, ideas, feelings, sensations and mental images. Some descriptions are found in writings and oral lore.

In tribal societies such as the Aborigines of Australia communication from one mind to another is accepted as a human faculty. While in more advanced societies it is thought a special ability belonging to mystics and psychics. The existence of telepathy is not scientifically proven, but information from one mind to another person’s is studied in psychical research. It is also known as mind reading.

To elaborate, the basis of it is the communication between two minds, separated over a distance, without the use of the five known senses.

At some point or the other, we all have experienced Telepathic communication. Maybe you were thinking of one person you haven’t talked to in months and you suddenly get a call from him. Or when two people are together, they might say the same thing at the same time.

These are spontaneous mind-to-mind connection. Such communication from one mind to another that tends to occur frequently between closely related individuals.



The term was coined in 1882 by the French psychical researcher Fredric W. H. Myers, a founder of the Society for Psychical Research (SPR).

Myers thought his term described the phenomenon better than previous used terms such as:

  • the French «communication de pensees
  • «thought-transference,»
  • and «thought-reading»

Research interest in telepathy had its beginning in Mesmerism. The magnetists discovered that telepathy was among the so-called «higher-phenomena» observed in magnetized subjects. They read the thoughts of the magnetists and carried out the unspoken instructions.

Soon other psychologists and psychiatrists were observing the same phenomena in their patients. Sigmund Freud noticed it so often that he son had to address it. He termed it a regressive, primitive faculty that was lost in the course of evolution. But which still had the ability to manifest itself under certain conditions.

Psychiatrist Carl G. Jung thought it more important. He considered it a function of synchronicity (1). Psychologist and philosopher William James was very enthusiastic toward telepathy and encouraged more research be put into it.

When the American Society for Psychical Researches (ASPR) was founded in 1885, after the SPR in 1884, telepathy became the first psychic phenomenon to be studied scientifically.

The first testing was simple. A sender in one room would try to transmit a two-digit number, a taste, or a visual image to a receiver in another room.

The French physiologist Charles Richet introduced mathematical chance to the tests, and also discovered that telepathy occurred independent of hypnotism.

Interest in telepathy increased following World War I as thousands of bereaved turned toward Spiritualism attempting to communicate with their dead loved ones. The telepathic parlor game called «willing» became popular.

Mass telepathic experiments were undertaken in the United States and Britain.


Experiments In telepathy, findings and scientific explanation

It is scientifically possible in humans? Is there a science evidence for telepathy? Most often telepathy occurs spontaneously in incidents of crisis where a relative or friend has been injured or killed in an accident.

An individual is aware of the danger to the other person from a distance. Such information could come in different forms of telepathy as:

  • in thought fragments, like something is wrong;
  • in dreams,
  • visions,
  • hallucinations,
  • mental images during meditation,
  • in clairaudience,
  • or in words that pop into the mind.

Often such information causes the person, the receiver, to change is course of action. Such as changing his travel plans or daily schedule, or to just call or contact the other person. Some incidents involve apparent telepathy between humans and animals.

It seems to be related to the individual’s emotional state. This is true of both the sender and receiver. Most women were receivers, as case findings showed. And one possible explanation is that women are more in touch with their emotions and rely on intuition more than men. Geriatric telepathy is fairly common, this may be due, it is speculated, to the impairment of the senses with age.

Telepathy can be induced in the dream state. It appears to be related to some biological factors: blood volume changes during telepathic sending, and electroencephalogram monitoring show that the brain waves of the recipient change to match those of the sender.

Dissociative drugs adversely affect it, but caffeine has a positive effect on it.

Experiments, previous studies and scientific explanation

During his 1930 ESP experiments J. B. Rhine also made some discoveries concerning telepathy. It was often difficult to determine whether information was communicated through telepathy, clairvoyance, or precognitive clairvoyance.

He concluded that telepathy mental phenomena and clairvoyance were the same psychic function manifested in different ways. Also, it is not affected by distance or obstacles between the sender and receiver.

A, earlier study was a telepathic experiment conducted during the Apollo 14 mission in 1971 proved distance is not a barrier. It was not authorized by the NASA. Nor was it announced until the mission was completed. Astronaut Edgar D. Mitchell conducted the experiment with four recipients on Earth, 150,000 miles below.

Mitchell concentrated on sequences of twenty-five random numbers. He completed 200 sequences. Guessing 40 correctly was the mean chance. Two of the recipients guessed 51 correctly. This far exceeded Mitchell’s expectations, but still was only moderately significant.


Theories and study about how does it work

Although over the centuries various theories and scientific explanation have been advanced to describe the functioning none seem to be adequate.

Telepathy, like other psychic phenomena, transcends time and space. The ancient Greek philosopher Democritus put forth the wave and corpuscle theories to explain it. In the 19th century, the British chemist and physicist William Crookes, thought telepathy rode on radio- like brain waves.

Later in the 20th century the Soviet scientist L. L. Vasilies proposed the electromagnetic theory. The American psychologist Lawrence LeShan proposed that each person has his or her personal reality, and the psychics and mystics share separate ones from other people which allow them to access information not available to others.

Evidence and studies

Is there any scientific proof and evidence that it is real? Like the other forms of psychic phenomena is elusive and difficult to test systematically.

Enough evidence is available to reasonably substantiate the phenomenon does exist. But, quantifying it seems to be another matter. The phenomenon is closely connect to the emotional states on both the sender and receiver which creates difficulty in replicating experimental results.

Attitudinal factors also influence the phenomenon. The best that researchers can hope for is to have supportive and receptive subjects in experiments that produce similar results.



Exploring your own Telepathic abilities is an incredible journey. Although it will be fun and exciting, developing a strong foundation will take time and patience. Never expect too much success in the beginning.

But the good news is that the basis for Telepathy can be learned and cultivated very easily. With regular practice you will become a adept! You will always be correct in sending and receiving messages, with astounding clarity and accuracy.

Sources: 29Gertrude Schmeidler, The City College, New York, 61.

(1) Synchronicity: A term coined by Jung to designate the meaningful coincidence or equivalence:

  • (a) of a psychic and a physical state or event which have no causal relationship to one another. Such synchronistic phenomena occur, for instance, when an inwardly perceived event (dream, vision, premonition, etc.) is seen to have a correspondence in external reality: the inner image of premonition has «come true»;
  • (b) of similar or identical thoughts, etc. occurring at the same time in different places. Neither one nor the other coincidence can be explained by causality, but seems to be connected primarily with activated archetypal processes in the unconscious. Source: 60,

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