Spenta Mainyu: The Holy Spirit of Ahura Mazda

Spenta Mainyu is the Holy Spirit of Ahura Mazda. In Zoroaster’s initial vision the first act which he conceived Ahura Mazda performing was the evocation of the six lesser divinities through his Holy Spirit, Spenta Mainyu.

It has been theorized by some scholars, particularly Maneckji Dhalla, that Ahura Mazda was hypothetically the father of the twin Spirits (Y 30.3), Spenta Mainyu and Angra Mainya. However, when assuming that this is true one abandons the absolute doctrine of the separation of good and evil. A.G.H.


Unveiling the Essence of Spenta Mainyu

In the realm of Zoroastrianism, Spenta Mainyu emerges as a pivotal and profound concept—a divine entity closely associated with Ahura Mazda, the supreme deity in this ancient religion. Let us delve into the intricate layers of this theological idea, exploring its significance and its role in the cosmic narrative.


The Holy Spirit of Ahura Mazda

Spenta Mainyu, often referred to as the «Holy Spirit» of Ahura Mazda, occupies a central place in Zoroastrian belief. To comprehend its importance, we must journey back to the initial vision of Zoroaster, the founder of this faith. In this foundational vision, Zoroaster conceived Ahura Mazda as the primordial deity performing a crucial act: the evocation of the six lesser divinities through the agency of Spenta Mainyu.


The Twin Spirits Hypothesis

Within Zoroastrian theology, there is a fascinating hypothesis proposed by scholars like Maneckji Dhalla. This hypothesis suggests that Ahura Mazda may be hypothetically regarded as the father of twin Spirits—Spenta Mainyu and Angra Mainya. However, embracing this hypothesis leads us to a profound theological implication: it challenges the absolute doctrine of the separation of good and evil, a fundamental tenet of Zoroastrianism.


The Duality Dilemma

At the heart of Zoroastrianism lies the belief in dualism—a stark division between the forces of good, represented by Ahura Mazda, and the forces of evil, personified by Angra Mainya. This binary opposition forms the cornerstone of the faith, with the battle between these two cosmic powers serving as a central narrative.


Spenta Mainyu’s Role in the Divine Order

Spenta Mainyu, as the Holy Spirit of Ahura Mazda, embodies the divine aspect of goodness, creativity, and righteousness. It is intricately woven into the fabric of the Zoroastrian cosmology, symbolizing the benevolent and virtuous forces that counterbalance the malevolent aspects represented by Angra Mainya.


The Complex Interplay of Divine Forces

In the tapestry of Zoroastrian belief, the interplay between Ahura Mazda, Spenta Mainyu, and Angra Mainya forms a dynamic and intricate narrative. While Ahura Mazda is the supreme deity and creator, Spenta Mainyu stands as a vital intermediary, channeling divine goodness and creative energy. Angra Mainya, on the other hand, embodies the destructive and malevolent forces that challenge this divine order.



Boyce, Mary, Zoroastrians: Their Religious Beliefs and Practices, New York, Routledge, 2002, pp. 21, 213