Back to Home Page or Contents or African Mythology or Article Index
Shango is an Osha warrior, the king of the Yoruba religion and one of the most popular Orishas of his pantheon. Shango is an Osha and is in the group of the bedside Oshas. It represents the highest number of favorable and unfavorable situations.
He was the first owner and interpreter of the oracle of Ifá, is a diviner and interpreter of the oracle of Diloggún and of Biange and Aditoto. Shango represents and has a special relationship with the Eggun world. It was the 4th Alafín (king) of Òyó, this is the second dynasty of Oduduwa after the destruction of Katonga, the first administrative capital of the Yoruba empire.
He arrived in a moment of transcendental Yoruba history, where people had forgotten the teachings of God. He was sent with his twin brother by Oloddumare to cleanse society and that the people would once again live a clean life and the teachings of the one God.
After he became king, the people began to say that he was very strict and even tyrant. At that time the laws said that if a king stopped being loved by his people he should be killed. His followers saw him as the recipient of great creative potentialities. He was one of the Yorubas kings that helped to build the formations of battle and thanks to its conquests the Yoruba empire extended from Mauritania to Gabon. He became famous mainly for his cavalry of war, which had a fundamental paper in the construction of the empire.
There are other legends where it is said that he killed his sons and wives for his experiments with gunpowder, after repenting he became Orisha. He is brother of heart with heart of Babalu Ayé (okan pelú okan). He eats first when this Orisha is crowned, since it was Shango who helped him to cure of its plagues. Ossaín is the godfather of Shango, the name of who was its slave is Deú and its messenger is called Bangboshé. His name means revoltoso, its stones or otanes are collected of waterfalls or rivers.
One of the fundamental Orishas that must be received when Kari-Osha Shango is made is Aggayu Solá and the Shango omo must enter with Aggayú Solá. Its main symbol is the Oshe. The Oshe is a doll carved in cedar and that instead of head has a double ax. Oshe over time is an energy that carries charge, which the babalawos do, it lives with Shango. To make Shango must be done with at least 6 days in advance to the Osha Akua Kua Leri a ceremony at the foot of a cedar or royal palm.
In syncretism he is compared to Santa Barbara, which has its feast on December 4, according to the Catholic calendar of saints. His day of the week is Saturday, although Friday is also popular. Its number is 6 and its multiples, although some they adjudge the 4, perhaps by its religious syncretism with Santa Barbara. Its colors are red and white. Greetings Kaó Kabiesilé, Shango Alufina!