Seshat Egyptian Goddess

Seshat Goddess

Seshat, Seshat or Seschat, is an example of a multipurpose goddess that had great importance in Ancient Egypt, but lacks the myths that the rest of the gods of the Egyptian pantheon do have.

Now, if she was so important at her time, how could she have been relegated to a secluded place within popular Egyptian lore itself?

Who was Seshat?

Our goddess was venerated from 3100 BC. C., or even earlier, until the end of ancient Egyptian history and credited as the wife, sister or daughter of Thoth. As such, she was the female analog of the god of writing.

But, in addition, her figure stands out in the rituals necessary so that the functioning of Egyptian society does not become unbalanced.

To support her patronage and theogonies, we must rely on the most studied writings within this ancient civilization, such as the Pyramid Texts, where it speaks of its symbolism and functions.

Seshat, a very ancient goddess who was believed to be the sister and more commonly the wife of Thoth, was the deity of writing and measurement until such functions were ascribed to her husband.

She was called the “Lady of Books,” or celestial librarian, and was the patroness also of arithmetic, architecture and records, although she shared these functions with Thoth.

Seshat was essentially a royal deity belonging to the pharaohs alone. Thus when temples, royal edifices, were being established Seshat and the pharaoh were shown together stretching the cord to measure out their dimensions.

As recorder, she wrote down the name of the king on the leaves on the Tree of Life, near which she dwelt, thus giving him immortality; and she marked the duration of the king’s earthly life on the notched palm branch that she carried, having calculated the length of his days.

In this capacity she seemed to have associations with Anubis.

The deity was generally depicted as a woman wearing a flower or star emblem on her head, together with the uraeus of her royal connections.

Seshat was dressed in a leopard skin, and held a pen and a scribe’s ink palette.¬†A.G.H.


Ions, Veronuca, Egyptian Mythology, Feltham, Middlesex, Hamlyn Publishing Group, Ltd., 1968. p. 87