Online Occult Shop

A list of some recommended classic online occult shops with many products and services.


First a quick summary table ordered by our score, and then we review them in detail.

Score Shop Description Link

Black Magick Witch

Modern user interface online store with Occult and witchcraft supplies. It also has an interesting blog and a free tarot course. Wide variety of specialized products. Go to Shop

Natural Magic Shop
Classic website with Magick supplies, ritually-crafted for the modern practitioner. specialized in Magic wands, oils and spells. Products from $5 Go to Shop

Anna Riva’s

Amulets and talismans, books, candles, oil, ritual tools, spells and supplies, tarot cards. Natural products. Go to Shop

Lucky Mojo
Traditional Hand-made spiritual supplies, (occult oils, incense, powders, candles, herbs, mojo, bags, spiritual soaps, books, and spell kits for magic spells, love spells, money spells, and protection spells, Pagan magick, and other Witchcraft traditions, folkloric magical, occult, herbal, and spiritual supplies. Go to Shop


Black Magick Witch

  • Payment method: Paypal
  • Shipping Time: 2 days
  • Deliver time: 5-10 business days
  • Products and categories:
    • Altar and ritual tools.
    • Amulets and talismans.
    • Banks.
    • Black Magick.
    • Black witch coven products.
    • Books.
    • Bottle jars.
    • Tarot chests decorative.
    • Bumper stickers.
    • Calendar Magazine Almanac and Calendars.
    • Candles and Candle holders.
    • Cauldrons.
    • CDs and DVDs.
    • Chakra meditation.
    • Clocks.
    • Clothing.
    • Crystal ball and mirror stands.
    • Demonology.
    • Divination.
    • Dream catchers.
    • Flags pennants.
    • Glass floats.
    • Granular ressins.
    • Herbs, Herbal teas and accessories.
    • Incense, powder incense and burners.
    • Jewelry.
    • Journals.
    • Occult or satanic ritual.
    • Offering scrying singing bowls.
    • Oils, Oil rings and diffusers.
    • Ritual baths washes.
    • Ritual Tools and Spell supplies.
    • Salt Selenite Lamps.
    • Salve Soaps and baths.
    • Smudge sticks and Smudging.
    • Spell casting supplies.
    • Statues.
    • Stones Crystals and gems.
    • Tarot.
    • Voodoo and Santeria.


Natural Magick Shop

    • Payment method: credit card or paypal.
    • Shipping cost:
    • U.S. orders $60+ Free
    • U.S. orders under $60: $8
    • International: $8+
      • Products:
        • Athames.
        • Magic Wands.
        • Spells.
        • Oils.
        • Potions.
        • Incense.
        • Dream Pillows.
        • Resins.
        • Botanicals.
        • Brews and Teas.
        • Smokes.
        • Bath herbs.


Anna Riva’s

      • Payment method:  Paypal and Credit Cards.
      • Products:
        • Amulets and Talisman.
        • Books.
        • Candles.
        • Journals and Blank Books.
        • Oils.
        • Ritual Tools and Spell Supplies.
        • Tarot.



Lucky Mojo

      • Shipping:
        • Less than $25: $10
        • Between 25 and 50: $11
        • Between 50 and 75: $12
        • Between 75 and 100: $13
        • From $100: 13% of total
      • Products:
        • Oils and Incenses.
        • Resins.
        • Bath.
        • Sachet Powders.
        • Ritual.
        • Candles.
        • Herbs.
        • Amulets, Charms and Jewelry.
        • Mojo hands.
        • Spells.
        • Altar tools.
        • Supplies.
        • Holy Cards and Posters.
        • Religious Statuary.
        • Tarot.
        • Ouija.
        • Fortune Cups.
        • Occult Books.
        • Candles.
        • Church altairs.
        • Perfumes
        • Pharmacy.


You will sure find from these your favorite  online occult shop.

Sacred Jewelry Top Best Sellers


In this article we will see the list of the top best sellers sacred jewelry.



Jewel Intention More Information
1 Healing and protection Go to Detail
2 Healing and protection Go to Detail
3   Overcome the world’s illusions

and deceptions to find truth

Go to Detail


Mesopotamian Religion

The land of Mesopotamia is located in the Tigris-Euphrates valley. The first cities of the world were formed on this axis, which means civilization began from here. The Sumerian people built the first set of cities here between 4000 and 3500 BC.  The belief system of the people equally spread far and wide as their cities grew in size and population. Additionally, the ancient people of Mesopotamia worshiped several gods and goddesses; they equally carried out several rituals and practices dictated by each of these deities.  Many of these practices have spread to other civilizations.


Mesopotamian religion

The Mesopotamian cultures supported a polytheistic belief system; this means they have multiple gods and goddesses.  They equally accept that the deities created demons and that these demons can either be good or bad. The deities will punish the people if they are angered but will bless the people if they are kept happy; the worship practices and rituals carried out by these people are designed to keep the gods consistently happy; these rituals and practices need to be carried out periodically. The people also believe that any misfortune they experience must be because the gods or deities are not happy with them.  They hold this belief even for natural disasters.

Each of the cities has its patron deity.  Each of the deities also has a particular occasion or element to which it is connected.  Some of the deities rule the skies, rainfall, earth, the sun, the moon and so on.  The gods are worshiped in temples called Ziggurats. The temples usually contain carved human figures representing the particular deity being worshiped in the temple. The carved figures usually have clasped hands and wide eyes, which indicates that the deities are praying for the people of Mesopotamia. The rituals carried out in the worship of the deities are equally done in the temples.


The common deities

The common deities that form the center of Mesopotamian religion are highlighted below:

  • An, which is the sky god. It is equally considered as the father or head of the other gods. He is not depicted. His other name is Anu.
  • Enki, which is the god of fresh water. He is deemed to be wise and appears bearded and depicted as a man in the midst of water flowing around him. His other name is Ea.
  • Inanna, who is the goddess of love, war, and fertility. She was considered as the most important of all female deities. Her other name is Ishtar.
  • Nanna, who was the god of the moon. He is the offspring of Enlil and Ninlil.  He is believed to travel across the sky in his boat made of woven twigs with stars and planets. His other name is Sin.
  • Utu, which is the god of justice and sun. He is considered to be in the underworld between sunset and sunrise. His other name is Shamash.



Many of the gods mentioned above have gone into extinction. However, they are still being worshiped as deities among few local communities in Mesopotamia. Bear in mind also, that other countries or cultures have adopted some of them.


Aztec Religion

The Aztec religion is one of the most popular Mesopotamian religions, and the Aztecs practice it.  It requires human sacrifices, just like the other Mesopotamian religions.  A large number of religious activities and festivities also accompany the worshipping of the deities in the Aztec religion. The worshippers equally followed the Aztec calendar in worshipping the deities.

The Aztec religion is polytheistic, which means it involves several deities, which are both males and females.  Furthermore, the Aztecs usually inculcated deities from other regions into their religion.

According to Aztec cosmology, which is a principal part of the Aztec religion, the world is divided into 13 heavens and nine netherworlds (earthly layers).  The first of the 13 heavens is considered to overlap with the first terrestrial layer, with both meetings at the earth surface.  Each of these heavens and Netherworlds is linked to a particular astronomical object or deity.

The Sun is considered as the most important of all the celestial entities in Aztec religion, followed by the moon and Venus.  The moon is termed as the “morning star,” while Venus is termed as “the evening star.”  Each of these objects has special religious and symbolic meanings.  They are also associated with specific geographical places and deities.

Many of the top deities in Aztec religion were worshiped in ancient Mesoamerican civilizations. Examples of such deities are Tezcatlipoca, Quetzalcoatl, and Tlaloc. They are given various names for veneration purposes.  The Huitzilopochtli is related to the rain god Tlaloc; this is also considered as the patron deity of the Mexica tribe.  Others are:

  • Quetzalcoatl the feathered serpent
  • The wind god
  • Culture hero
  • God of civilization and order
  • Tezcatlipoca, the god of fortune and destiny, who is also connected to sorcery and war.

Shrines are constructed for each of the gods also.  The temples are located atop the largest pyramid in Mexico-Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital. Tenochtitlan is derived from a combination of Tlaloc and Huitzilopochtli. The two deities were worshiped at the dual temple. Ehecatl, the god of the wind was worshiped at a third monument located in the plaza in front of the Templo Mayor.


Cultural Aztec gods


The cultural gods in the Aztec religion are:

  • Tezcatlipoca, which means “Smoking Mirror” and he is considered to have omnipotent universal power
  • Quetzalcoatl, which means “Feathered Serpent” and considered as the god of the morning star and wind
  • Tlaloc, which was the god of storm, thunder, water, and rainstorm
  • Mixcoatl, which means “Cloud Serpent” and was the tribal god of the Nahua. He was the god of hunting, sacrifice, and war.
  • Huitzilopochtli, which means Left-handed Hummingbird” and also called the patron god; that is the god of the sun.


The nature gods are:

  • Ehacatl, which is called “Quetzalcoatl-Ehecatl.” He was called the god of wind.
  • Centzon Huitznahua, which was the god of stars. It also means “The 400 Southerner.”
  • Chalchiuhtlicue, which is the goddess of springs and also called “Jade Her Skirt.”
  • Tlaltecuhtli, which means “Earth Lord” and also called goddess of the earth
  • Metztli, which is the moon


Google Logo History


New Google Logo


2013 vs 2015

September 2015 was the date chosen by Google to release its new logo, after the August 11 of the same year announced the largest reorganization it has ever had in its history.

From his corporate blog, Tamar Yehoshua, Vice President of Product Management and Bobby Nath, Director of User Experience, explained that “… Today, people interact with Google products across a wide variety of platforms, applications and devices, to times from all in one day … “” … We have taken the logo and the Google brand, which was originally created for a browser page on the desktop, and we update them for a world of borderless use throughout an endless number of devices and different types of input “.

The new logo maintains the line of its predecessor, but using a sans-serif font with slightly less bright colors. In fact, the new logo looks like a merger between the old Google logo and that of Alphabet Inc. (a company of which Google is now a subsidiary). The new logo can already be seen on the homepage next to a Doodle that shows how the previous logo is deleted and the new one is drawn.

From the following link you can download the official Google PDF where all the details regarding the new typography created for the brand are included: Product Sans Specimen

There are more changes in Google, all to bring it in line with the new logo, another of them is for example the small G that was shown when users clicked the microphone, it is no longer blue, it is multicolored.

Despite not being the first modification in the Google logo, they expect the remodeling to be “… Not only for today’s Google, but for tomorrow’s Google”.



Making a more in-depth analysis of the new brand, what is most striking is what has already been commented on the change of typography. We went from the classical letter with serifs to a much simpler and more modern sans-serif (without serifs).

They are very geometric letters, based on circles. If we look, both the uppercase “G” in its entirety, as well as the inside of the lowercase “g” as the set of the letter “e” and obviously the letters “o”, all of them are based on a totally round circle.

At first glance, letter by letter, they maintain the same color and the same height, except for the letter “g”, which to accommodate the new style leaves the previous and characteristic shape, with a somewhat exaggerated height to go to have a “g” much more simple and geometric.

Finally, the letter “e” maintains its characteristic inclination, which gives the brand a fun and casual touch.

The thickness of the new logo is very balanced in conjunction with its white spaces, with its air. That is, if for example we look at an “o”, its thickness is very well balanced in proportion to the white space that remains inside. The same with the rest of the letters.

To our knowledge, it has been a very successful design change, which by the way, the brand was asking for shouts for years.

Now if the Google brand is completely in line with its business philosophy, with its young, modern and dynamic spirit that has been proposed to change the world for more than a decade, and it is getting there!


Logo History

We wanted Google to be the third brand in our “collection” of History of the major brands because despite being relatively young, Google is already much more than a simple logo. One could even say that the word Google for many is synonymous with the Internet, and therefore its brand, the most associated with this medium.

Its success is due in part to the great potential of its technology always in progress, but perhaps, without its visual simplicity, it would not have reached where it has arrived, since in Google what counts is information.

Hence, the vast majority prefer to have Google as the home page and avoid other more overloaded search engines that end up tiring with the passage of time.

And is that the Google logo has become so familiar, it is so simple and friendly that it would seem impossible that it was otherwise. See the background of what is the current logo, it is almost like a “sacrilege” to our conception of the famous search engine.

The firsts years

In 1995 Sergey Brin and Larry Page meet at Stanford University and soon after begin working at the Digital Library Project at Stanford University.

In 1996 they began to develop a search engine called BackRub. This name is given because the greatest skill of this search engine is to analyze the back links.

In 1997 Backrub becomes Google. The first logo can be said little except that the genius and talent of Sergey Brin and Larry Page for programming did not shine in his artistic side.

Wikipedia: The name Google is a play on words between the googol number (the term improvised by the nine-year-old nephew of Edward Kasner, Milton Sirotta, in 1938, which represents 10 to 100) and glasses (goggles) .

A little later, in 1998, Sergey Brin designed this new logo that is already looking more like the current one, but still very far in its typographical features and subtlety of colors, which, although in essence and in the same order, are the current ones , they are still too much in the style of the html web colors of that time.

According to those colors emerged from the pieces of Lego given the fondness of its founders for this toy, with which they made the first server and to which they have rendered a tribute with a commemorative logo on the occasion of their 50th birthday.

This “first” logo also had an abusive use of shadows, which gave it a somewhat amateurish appearance. Sergey used the GIMP image editing software to design it. You can see in this logo how it incorporated an exclamation point reminiscent of the emblem of the most famous portal of those days, Yahoo.

Ruth Kedar and the new proposals

It was in 1999 when Larry Page and Sergey Brin decided that it was time to change the logo of the search engine for another more professional, more worked and more visually attractive.

For this they contacted Ruth Kedar, a graphic designer born in Brazil but raised in Israel who was an assistant professor at Stanford University, who was commissioned to create a series of prototypes, among which they would choose the one that best suits them. I would like it

In the Wired magazine, Sonia Zjawinski interviews Ruth Kedar, who explains each proposal in detail. You can see the original article in English here.

In the image on the left you can see the evolution of these proposals designed by Kedar.

In the first proposal there is a predominance of blacks, with a typeface based on the famous Adobe Garamond, whose story we have already discussed in this previous article about the history of typographies. It is a very simple proposal where readability prevails.

In the second proposal is already used Catull typography, which would become part of the final logo, only with another “staging.” Black continues to predominate, which did not end up liking the founders of Google.

In the third proposal ITC Leawood typography is used using the “oes” as a synthesis of what would be the Olympic rings, as a metaphor that it was a world search engine “champion” that was shown in many countries and cultures around the world .

In the following proposals you will start to incorporate the color in all the letters and they will be proposals that will play with the letters in different ways, sometimes more gracefully than others. The order of the colors for each letter varies in these intermediate proposals.

The eighth proposal is as we all know the one that finally chose, that curiously, after so many turns with the colors, would finally be the same and in the same order as the original of 1998, only with a slightly more harmonized and modern nuance. Regarding that initial logo of Sergey of 1998 varies only in the type of letter, which as it was previously said is about the Catull typography and that it has a slightly more subtle shadow, eliminating the exclamation point as in all the rest prototypes.


Redesign Logo Google 2010 and 2013

In May 2010 Google launched a new logo subtly redesigned.

It maintained the same typography with a slightly greater thickness and the colors in essence were the same and in the same order, only with a more subtle nuance.

The main feature of this new redesign is that it eliminated the parallel shadow, and the shadows inside the letters themselves are also more subtle, which produces the sensation of a cleaner and more modern brand image.

In September of 2013 Google launches a new and subtle re-design, eliminating completely the interior shadows (or bevel effects) leaving a flatter look or “flat design” as it has been called this new trend that began to bloom at that time where the logos or icons of apps went from trying to simulate reliefs to have flatter and simpler forms.


Google Doodles

The brand of Google is also characterized by how it has been transformed in a nice and fun way over all these years to commemorate numerous historical dates or birthdays of countless artists and scientists.

The most recent and famous transformation has been made for the commemoration of the 30th anniversary of the Pac-Man game.

But there have been many other transformations made in these years, always creatively calling us attention in those moments in which we want to use the search engine with “urgency” and we run into these pleasant surprises that for a moment make us forget what we wanted search.

These variations of the logo are called Doodles and Google has them very well filed with their date and description.

In the following link you can see the whole Doodles official collection:


Google Timeline

You can track first years of google in this link from its tenth birthday



If you prefer the video format check here the logo history in the following youtube video.


How Many Weeks in a Year

The origin of the calendar currently imposed in a large part of the world. It is the Gregorian calendar, originated in Europe in the year 1528. This came as a substitute for the system that at that time reigned in society: the Julian calendar. Imposed by the great Julius Caesar in the year 46 a.C. After centuries of imposition, Pope Gregory XIII decided to transform this method. Promulgating a new style through a reform document known as Inter Gravissimas.

The new version consists of 365 solar days, with the exception of leap years. These already existed in the Julian calendar, between February 23 and 24. However, Gregory XIII placed this extra day at the end of the same month. The change was introduced to correct the gap between the duration of the tropical year and the traditional calendar year. Each time the last number of the year is a multiple of four (2004, 2008, 2012, 2016 …), we will be facing a leap year.



Pope Gregory XIII established the current calendar. To deduce the number of weeks that this specific time interval has, it is only necessary to perform a simple mathematical calculation.

The exact figure is obtained by dividing the number of days that the year has, by the number of days that make up the week. Resulting in a total of 52 weeks in 1 year, exactly 52,1429 in one year.

These will not always be complete. Many of them do not start on a Monday and end on a Sunday. Since it depends on the precise day on which the new year begins. If we only counted the intact, we would have 50 weeks with a few days difference.

In the case of the leap years, the calendar would also be composed of 52 weeks. However, on this occasion and due to the imbalance mentioned above, we should add two more days that remain outside the sum.


In a leap Year

A leap year has 52 weeks and 1 day.


In a normal Year

A normal year has 52 weeks and 2 days.


Not Including Weekends

If you don’t want to count weekends then the number of days is 261 so the number of week is exactly 37,28 weeks (261/7).



How Many Days in a Year


One year consists of 12 months, and usually lasts 365 sidereal days. A sidereal year is the time when the round takes a complete turn around the sun.

There are different types of year, which have been adopted by various cultures through the ages, among them: The sidereal year, the solar year and the calendar year, which is used for the measurement of religious holidays.

Astronomers discovered after several studies that during a period of every four years 366 days are counted, and this year it is called a leap.



Every year is exactly 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 46 seconds. This is why exist normal years and leap years


Normal Year

One normal year has 365 days. The year is divided into 12 months, which have 30 or 31 days, except February that has 28.


Leap Year

One leap year has 366 and it occurs every four years (see more about why is there a leap day and when is the next leap year) The year is divided into 12 months, which have 30 or 31 days, except February that has 28.


Without weekends

If you don’t want to count weekends then the number of days is 261 = 365 – 104 (number of Saturdays and Sundays).


On other planets


On Mars

687 days which is the mars orbital period around the sun.


On Venus

225 days which is the mars orbital period around the sun.


On Mercury

88 days.


On Jupiter

4.333 days.


On Saturn

10.759 days.


On Uranus

30688 days.


On Neptune

60182 days.




Celtic Mythology


Celtic Mythology, also known as the mythology of Celtic ‘polytheism’, dates back to the early centuries and have survived through oral tradition, mainly storytelling. These legends and sages were first recorded by Christian monks in Ireland and by Norman invaders in England. Most of the records were taken around the 11th century. Some of the stories have become popular, especially the Arthurian romances. These myths happened at a time before the existence of the church when tribes and individuals survived as best as they could in a world plagued by mysterious forces. Symbolism of death, rebirth, and life are found in Celtic mythology.  The magic of the ancient world and nature abound in these legends. Since most of the records were by Romans, Celtic gods were given Roman names and descriptions.



Celtic Mythology originates from the ancient people of Ireland and Wales. ‘Celts’ also lived in the French region of Brittany, Scotland, Isle of Man and Cornwall. At the peak of their power, they dominated a large part of Europe, from the British Isles to what is now Turkey in the east. The Celts were neither a nation, nor race; they were groups of people bound by culture, language, and religion. They didn’t have a centralized government, but lived in hill forts.

The Celts made a living through livestock and farming, with a reputation of brave warriors.  They conquered Macedonia and Northern Italy before the Roman invasions that reduced them to a few small groups. The Germans also subdued the Celts in Central Europe. Their way of life and culture and were documented by Roman Empire historians. The Celts were described as pagans, and had no belief in written language, but chose to pass on their myths and sacred teachings orally.  Despite this, they were cultured and had a rich oral tradition made up of hundreds of stories with elements such as gods, heroes, beautiful women, adventures, romance, magic and even monsters.


Structure of the Celtic Society

Every tribe had a king, who was the highest in rank in the community. There were three classes in each tribe namely; the religious leaders (druids); the warriors and noble knights; and the farmers and commoners.  The druids were the most influential of the groups; they serve as priests, teachers, judges, and advisers. In fact, the people believed they had magical powers.


Celtic Mythology has four sub-categories or groups:

  1. Mythological Cycle: This is the record of the invasions by supernatural beings and deities. The Cycle focuses on the activities of the Celtic gods, mainly about how five races of supernatural beings went into war to gain control of Ireland. Dagda was the chief god, and legends record tales of his magic cauldron could bring the dead back to life.
  2. Fenian Cycle: This details the hunting adventures Fionn Mac Cumhail who led a heroic group of warriors known as Fianna to protect the Scottish and Irish lands. The stories describe exciting experiences and hand-to-hand fights.
  3. Ulster Cycle: Stories of warfare and victory tales of warriors, especially Cuchulain, the champion of Ireland.
  4. The King’s Cycle: This is a series of tales of the battles of legendary Irish kings that have inspired the Celts.



Celtic tales are filled with accounts of many gods that the people worshipped. Each tribe has its god, who was regarded as all-powerful. They provided for the people and protected them. Some of these gods have some similarities. An excellent example is Dadga, the god of life and death in Ireland who has a striking resemblance to Esus, the ”master” god of Gaul. Some of the essential female deities are Morrigan, Badb, and Nemain the three war goddess who appeared as ravens during battles. Brigit, the goddess of learning, and healing was also important as well as Epona, the horse goddess, believed to be the goddess of water, fertility, and death.



The supernatural beings, with magic and magicians, are playing a significant role.

  • Magic Cauldron: A large magical kettle which supplied vast quantities of food. It was never empty. It also brought slain warriors that were killed in battle back to life.
  • Voyages to mysterious lands.
  • Larger than life heroes: They experienced all kinds of adventures, and often had to undertake difficult tasks before marrying their loved ones.
  • Love and romance
  • Mischief: The gods played tricks on the one another and humans.
  • Animals changed shapes at will
  • Life after death: Humans enter the underworld after death. In this mysterious place, there was no work and no end, and the gods and the spirits live happily ever.



Celtic mythology has many similarities between Christian stories in the bible and ancient Celtic tales.  In Irish mythology, the characters include kings and queens, male and female deities, druids and other figures such as animals and warriors. Recently, there has been a revival of Celtic beliefs. Indeed, some movies, video games, and storybooks have been inspired by Celtic mythology.



Here is some symbolism that has their origin in the Celtic oral tradition:

  • Boars for courage and strength
  • Fish for knowledge
  • Birds for prophetic knowledge
  • Horses, pigs, and cattle for fertility
  • Serpents and dragons for trouble


 Mythology of the Irish and Welsh

The early Irish myths are a blend of history and mythology, with tales of different groups of humans and deities who settled in Ireland. These legends are filled with excitement and magic and accounts of battles between the forces of light and darkness go into battle. The stories describe a time when gods lived as humans among men on earth, using their power to bring fertility to the land and create civilization in Ireland..

Welsh legends, on the other hand, is a collection of 11 tales found in the Mabinogion. Like the Irish myths, the characters in the Welsh legends are half-gods and half-human. Most of the stories deal with accounts of the heroic acts of Britain’s King Arthur and his Knights (Arthurian legends).



Most Celtic tales do not have happy endings. They can be described as bittersweet, regarding happiness as a brief experience. They remind humans that death is inevitable.  The legends also depict inspiring human qualities like faithfulness, soul love, and courage. Besides, they are set in a magical world where anything is possible. Most importantly, Celtic mythology is built on faith in eternal life. The heroes and heroines might die physically, but their souls will live forever in the undying lands. Indeed, death is regarded as a transition to the ‘rebirth’ state, in which the person becomes immortal.

Spiritual Enlightenment Books


What is the Spiritual Enlightenment

The word “enlightenment” evokes the idea of ​​some superhuman achievement, and the ego likes to see it that way; however, it is simply your natural state sense of union with the Self. The spiritual enlightenment (see also spiritual awakening books)  is a state of connection with something big and indestructible, something that, almost paradoxically, you are in essence and that, however, is much greater than you . It is the meeting of your true nature, beyond names and forms. The inability to find this connection gives rise to the illusion of separation from yourself and the world around you. You perceive yourself then, consciously or unconsciously, as an isolated fragment. Fear arises, and conflict-internal and external-becomes habitual.

Buddha defines the state of enlightenment: “the end of suffering”. Enlightenment is not suffering. The mind can not transform it into something to believe or some superhuman achievement, a goal that you can not reach. Despite this precaution, most Buddhists still believe that enlightenment is for the Buddha – not for them – at least for this life.

One of the best ways to reach or understand enlightenment is to read a book that will introduce you to the topic.


best books on spiritual enlightenment

Here is a list of recommended spiritual books about enlightenment, click on each to get more information. You can also search below for a specific title or topic.

First Five Books of the Bible

What are the first five books of the bible

Pentateuch means “five rolls”, from Greek pénte, “five”, and teuchos, “rolls”. It is formed by the first five books of the Old Testament:

  • Genesis: book of the origins.
  • Exodus: book of the departure from Egypt.
  • Leviticus: book of the Levites, priests of the tribe of Levi.
  • Numbers: book of the censuses of the people of Israel.
  • Deuteronomy: book of the second law.


The Pentateuch is the key to understanding the whole Bible, because it presents the beginnings of the revelation of God to the chosen people, and in it we find the first experiences and reflections on God’s plan of love with humanity. Only by knowing the Pentateuch can we understand the richness of God’s revelation and the extraordinary history of salvation throughout the Bible until it reaches its fullness in Jesus, God and man, the only savior of all humanity.

God’s relationship with his people was preserved in the memory of the people with respect and love, and it was passed on from father to son orally for nearly 600 years, until those experiences were recorded in writing. This story is told in many ways and with a variety of literary genres: reflections on the experience of God and human nature, laws that govern the people, prayers of the people to God, poems that present the feelings of the people, significant family memories, rites that regulate acts of worship …
The last redaction of the Pentateuch was based on the traditions of four groups of people, who related to God in different ways. As each tradition shows very beautiful aspects of God, the final editors decided to unite the four, since all were considered inspired. Each oral tradition or source of knowledge of God was given a name, as if it had only one author.


The yavista tradition calls to God Yahveh through the manuscript and “J” is represented. It begins in the ninth and eighth centuries a.C. It belongs to southern Palestine and focuses on the kingdom of Judah. It emphasizes the closeness of God with humanity and describes it in anthropomorphic terms, from the Greek ánthroopos, “man” and morpheé, “form”, that is, it presents God acting and reacting as a human person.
The Elohist tradition gives God the name of Elohim and is represented by an “E”. It begins at the same time as the yavista, in which it was integrated around 715 a.C. It arises in the northern kingdom or kingdom of Israel, and speaks of prophetism, the strength of morals and the danger of idolatry. It shows a God who speaks in dreams and with symbols like the bush.

The Deuteronomist tradition has an insistent style and is represented by a “D”. It was written in the seventh century a.C. He insists on the action of God and the need for a personal and community response. It is based on the previous traditions: it begins at the end of the kingdom when the Northern Kingdom fell into the power of Assyria, and the people seemed to forget their fidelity to the Sinai covenant.

The priestly tradition is represented with a “P” and shows God distant and majestic. It is written on returning from exile in the sixth century BC. Israel was no longer an independent nation and centered its identity in the temple. It gives great importance to the rites of worship and to the functions of priests.

These are the first five books of the bible.