Mount Olympus is the highest mountain in Greece, 9570 feet above sea level, situated on the boundary between Thessalia and Macedonia, near the Aegean Sea. In Greek mythology it was thought to be the home of the gods and goddesses. Seated on its summit were the palaces of the deities that had been built by Hephaestus. The entrance to Olympus was through a gate of clouds protected by the goddesses named the Seasons. Zeus had his thrown on Olympus, and here the deities feasted on nectar and ambrosia and were entertained with songs of the Muses. There were twelve major deities including Zeus, HeraPoseidonHadesHestiaAthenaAresApolloArtemisAphroditeHermes, and Hesphaestus. The Greek writers eventually moved the home of the Olymoian deities to a more celestial region free from snow and storms, and filled with dazzling light. A.G.H.


Funk &Wagnalls New Encyclopedia, 1979, 18, 142-143