Ndyambi Karunga


Ndyambi-Karunga is a god of the Hereros, nomadic Hamites, who represents a composite deity including a sky-god barrowed from the West Africans and an earth-god barrowed from Angola peasants. However, this deity is overshadowed by Mukuru.

The two names Ndyambi and Karunga are found in various forms in numerous Bantu tribes. One supposable reason is that Christian missionaries searched for African names to describe their God. The known names discovered are Ndyambi, Nzambi, and Nzame. Karunga or Kalunga refers to all that is mysterious or terrible, be it in the depths of the ocean or the lower world, kingdom of the dead. A.G.H.


Grimal, Pierre, Larousse World Mythology, Secaucus, New Jersey, Chartwell Books, 1965. pp. 522-523