Nam Simaran (also Nam Japan) in Panjabi means “remembrance of the name,” “repetition of the name.” Remembrance of God is a common term in Hindu (see Hinduism) and Sikh devotion. Whether said silently or aloud through singing of hymns or with the help of a rosary, the name of God must be consciously repeated. Sikhs focus their mind through meditation on the word Vahiguru, “praise to the Guru.” It is believed that through continuous concentration upon the Nam, one absorbs the qualities of God. A.G.H.
Bowker, John, The Oxford Dictionary of World Religions, New York, Oxford University Press, 1997, p. 680