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Nammu, Mesopotamian (Sumerianand Babylonian-Akkadian) [Iraq], was a creator birth goddess who was worshipped from about 4000 BC to 1750 BC. Her center of worship was mainly in Ur. She identified in various texts as the goddess of the watery deep. As the consort of An she is the mother of Enki and the power of the riverbed to produce water. Alternatively Nammu is the progenitrix of An and Ki, the archetypal deities of heaven and earth. She is said to have engendered other gods as well, and in one poem is the mother of all mortal life. She molded clay collected by creatures called sig-en-sig-du and brought it to life, thus creating humankind. Seven minor goddesses, who perhaps eventually became syncretized with the Ninhursaga, attended her. A.G.H.


Jordan, Michael, Encyclopedia of Gods, New York, Facts On File, Inc. 1993, p. 176

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