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Manco Capac

According to legends the founders of the Inca Empire vary between two or six, the number is not certain. The first humans emerged from caves and began to multiply; and, therefore, they are called Paccari-tambo, and according to opinion the Tambos are the most ancient race. And, it is the consensus that Manco Capac is the founder and chief of the Incas. From him came two families or lineages, the Hanan Cuzco and the Urin Cuzco. This followed by the King Incas declaring war and conquering other provinces to give them color and taking their enterprise; so, thus saying that the whole world should acknowledge them for all the world was renewed by their race and country; and the true religion had been revealed to them from heaven.

It is in the life of Manco Capac, who is claimed the first Inca and from whom they first proclaimed themselves to be the children of the Sun, that there appears an amble account of the deluge. In the account all races of men and all created things perished because the water rosed to the highest mountain peaks in the world. Only one man and one woman survived; and when the waters subsided the wind cast them up at Tiahuanaco, some seventy leagues from Cuzco. There the creator obliged them to remain as mitmacs, colonists, persons transported some where else rather than the place of their birth. And, it was in Tiahuanaco that the Creator chose to make the people to begin to multiply into the peoples and tribes that are now throughout the land. He originally fashioned the first person of each nation out of clay and painted their garments each was to wear and keep. If some were to wear their hair long, he painted them with long hair, those with short hair, he painted short. When this was completed he gave each nation a language to speak, songs to sing, and seeds and foodstuffs which they were to grow.

When finishing painting and creating the nations and lumps of clay, the Creator gave being and soul to men as well as women, and commanded each nation to sink below the earth. Each nation then passed underground and came up in places where he assigned them. Thus it is said that some came out of caves, others from hills, others from fountains and lakes, others from tree boles, and so on. No one is certain of this, but these things legendary so huacas and sacred places of worship the memories of the lineages proceeded from them. Thus every nation assumes the dress in which they clothe their huaca. A.G.H.


Huacas. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huaca>.
Osborne, Harold. South American Mythology. "Library of the World's Myths and Legends." New York. Peter Bedrick Books. 1968, 1985. p. 47.

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