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Helios was a Greek sun god. However, this deity is not necessary Greek in origin since the concept of a sun god was universal in the ancient world, but in the Theogomy he is identified as the son of Hyperion and his sister was Euryphaessa. He drives a chariot of the sun by day and descends into the ocean at night. On Rhodes, his cult center, is allegedly the site of the largest Greek statue of a deity, the "Colossus" of Rhodes, cast in bronze. It was there that the festival of Helios was celebrated in which a chariot with four horses was driven off a cliff, symbolizing the setting of the sun into the sea. A.G.H.


Jordan, Michael, Encyclopedia of Gods, New York, Facts On File, Inc. 1993, p. 100

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