Back to Home Page or Contents or Greek Mythology or Article Index


Gaea, or Gaia, was an ancient pre-Hellenic goddess who was mainly revered in Attica. She is the primordial essence of the earth, later referred to at times as the Earth-goddess, one of the creations of Aether and Hedera, the primordial cosmic beings. Through the encouragement of Eros she became the mother of Pontos (sea) and Uranus (heaven or sky). According to tradition, she formed a liaison with Uranus and gave birth to the Titans.

Perceived as a placid and resilient goddess generally somewhat apathetic in the story of the beginnings, she had an oracle at Delphi that predated Apollo. In the Hellenic period she became Da-meter or Demeter, the grain mother whose daughter is Kore, the grain spirit. Her attributes included fruit and cornucopiae. A.G.H.


Jordan, Michael, Encyclopedia of Gods, New York, Facts On File, Inc. 1993, p. 85

Home    Alchemy    Ancient Beliefs    Buddhism    Christianity    Demonology    Divination    Goddess and witchcraft    Great Mysteries    Hinduism    Islam     Judaism    Magic    Neo-paganism    Other    Paranormal    Past and present Beliefs    People    Places    Religions and sects    Rituals and texts    Shamanism    Stones    Theosophy African Mythology    Asian Mythology    Buddha Mythology    Egyptian Mythology    Greco-Roman Mythology    Greek Mythology    Hindu Mythology    Native American    Persian Mythology    Roman Mythology    South American Mythology