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Ereskigal , the great below, Mesopotamian (Sumerian and Babylonian-Akkadian) [Iraq], was the consort of Nergal and queen of the underworld, and mother of Ninazu; her time of worship extended from about 3500 BC to 200 BC, or later. By some texts she was once a sky-goddess who was abducted by the monstrous deity Kur. She resides in the palace of Ganzir, and equates with the Greek goddess Persephone. Debatably, Ereskigal may be seen as the dark alter ego of the goddess Inanna, and in some texts the elder sibling. Her consort is also identified as Gugulana. In legend Ereskigal is challenged by Inana but following judgment by the seven Anunnaki, the underworld goddess renders her a corpse for three days until she is revived through the intervention of Enki, the god of wisdom.

In western Semitic pantheons Ereskigal becomes Allatu. A.G.H.


Jordan, Michael, Encyclopedia of Gods, New York, Facts On File, Inc. 1993, p. 78

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