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Raphael is an angel rrecognized in both Judaism and Christianity. He is mentioned in the Apocropha (Tobit 12:15, Enoch 20:3). Raphael is one of the four archangels who defeats the demon Asmodeus and binds Azazel. He is one of the three angels visiting Abraham after his circumcision (B. Yoma 37a).

In Kabbalistic literature he represents the earthly element, represents the green in the rainbow, and he brings relief to the sick as his name is frequently inscribed on amulets and charms. A.G.H.


Bowker, John, The Oxford Dictionary of World Religions, New York, Oxford University Press, 1997, p. 799

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