Back to Home Page or Contents Page or Past and present beliefs or Index
Ik Onkar, or Ik Oankar, (Panjabi,
"one"; Sanskrit, "sacred syllable Om"),
in Sikhism, Guru
Nanak stated that God is one. Ik Onkar is the Sikhs
most frequent statement about God, emphasing unity of the Prmal Being in
contrast to the three principles (trimurti, Brahma,
Vishnu, Shiva) of Hinduism.
In its customary symbolic form the numeral stresses the divine singularity
or unity. It marks the beginning of the Mul Mantra,
and thus of the Japi, and the Adi Gtanth, and prefaces the hymns of each
rag--and within these compositions, each Guru and Bhagat.
Bowker, John, The Oxford Dictionary of World Religions, New York, Oxford University Press, 1997, p. 468