Back to Home Page or Contents Page or Islam or Index

Falsafa


Falsafa (Arabic falsafa from Greek philosophia) is the pursuit of philosophy in Islam. The Muslin delight in philosophy, especially in the early centuries, resides on the prevalent concept of divine creation; that is, God is the creator of all things, and that knowledge, ilm, leads to a deeper understanding of him and his works. Thus falsafa is, or was, a commitment to wisdom in which every science is necessarily involved, but falsafa, philosophy is predominant because it heads the rest. This pursuit of philosophy helped to rescue and translate many Grecian works which were about to be lost. However, this philosophical study eventually raised suspicion that it might lead to the judgment of God by human reason, and to the subordination of revelation to reason. So the influence began to be reversed; reason was subordinated for revelation, the concept being the wisest knowledge of God lies in devotion to him, thus spread Sufism. A.G.H.



Source:

Bowker, John, The Oxford Dictionary of World Religions, New York, Oxford University Press, 1997, p. 435

Home    Alchemy    Ancient Beliefs    Buddhism    Christianity    Demonology    Divination    Goddess and witchcraft    Great Mysteries    Hinduism    Islam     Judaism    Magic    Neo-paganism    Other    Paranormal    Past and present Beliefs    People    Religions and sects    Rituals and texts    Shamanism    Stones    Theosophy African Mythology    Asian Mythology    Buddha Mythology    Egyptian Mythology    Greco-Roman Mythology    Greek Mythology    Hindu Mythology    Native American    Persian Mythology    Roman Mythology    South American Mythology