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Azazel is a demon of the second order, guardian of the goat. This ritual was performed on the Day of Atonement, which is Biblically described (Leviticus 16:8); "Aaron shall cast lots on two goats, one lot for the Lord and the other for Azazel." The one on which the lot of the Lord fell was sacrificed, and his blood served for expiration. The High Priest then placed both of his hands on the head of the other, confessed his sins and those of the people, charged the animal with them, and permitted him to be led into the desert and set free. And the people, having left the care of their iniquities to the goat of Azazel-also known as the scapegoat-returned to their homes with free consciences.

The ritual also is described in the avodah. The exact meaning of Azazel is disputed; some rabbis identify it as a cliff or a place of rocks while others vision it as a supernatural power, perhaps composed of two fallen angels, Uza and Azael. In Modern Hebrew, the expression "Go to Azazel" is the equivalent of "Go to Hell."

According to Milton, Azazel is the principal standard-bearer for the infernal armies. It is also the name used by Mark, the heretic, when producing his magic spells. A.G.H.


Spence, Lewis, An Encyclopedia of Occultism, New York, Carol Publishing Group Edition, 1996, p 57
Unger, Merrill F., Unger's Bible Dictionary, Chicago, Moody Press, 1966, p. 117

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