Magog, or «Mother of Gog,» is the Biblical name of the Scythian-Amazon goddess and of her territory in the north that feared equestrian warriors came from to try to kill off the Semites. According to prophets, their invocations cause their God to defeat the warriors.

And the God told Gog that he would destroy him and one day to the Israelites, who had been sent into captivity because unfaithfulness and uncleanness, he would give this land. (Ezekiel 38, 39)

However, in Genesis Magog is said to be a son of Japheth (Genesis 10:2). Although not a Hebraic hero, Japheth was most likely a form of the titan Japheth barrowed from the Greek myth.

From such syncretism a confused impression Magog was depicted as a male and a giant, naturally because the son of a titan would exhibit these features. ) Later in rabbinic literature, Gog and Magog came to symbolize any force against Judaism and its adherents.

In the Book of Revelation (Revelation 20: 7-8) Gog and Magog are represented as nations at the four corners of the earth upon which after the thousand years of peace God will release Satan from hell to destroy. This destruction is similar to that mentioned in Ezekiel.

In later Jewish tradition Gog, designated as a «prince,» is listed among seventy angels of nations all of whom except Michael, the guardian angel of Israel, are fallen angels.

Others have been inclined to associate the powers of Gog, interpreting Gog as the ruler of his territory of Magog, with the powers of the northern European nations, particularly the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U. S. S. R.).

One of the main reasons for this association was the persecution of Israel. But since the Soviet Union not longer exists Magog has been seen as Iraq.

While still in some tribes of western Asia Magog is worshipped as a goddess, in Europe, however, «Gogmagog» was generally envisioned as a demonic colossus. «Ma» was merged with the Celtic mac to render the interpretation of «Gog, the son of Gog».

Gog and Magog became commonly used names for any pair of colossal figures, especially pagan deities. By contrast, however, Gog and Magog appeared in Renaissance books of magic as two Ineffable Names of God. A.G.H.


Gog and Magog <>.
» » Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia Standard. 2005
» » Scofield Bible notes: New Scofield Reference Edition. New York. Oxford Press. 1968.Ezekiel, 1(Ezekiel 38:2). pp. 881-882.
Walker, Barbara G. The Woman’s Encyclopedia of Myths and Secrets. New York, HarperCollins, 1983. p. 570