Germanic earth-gnomes that inhabit caves and mines ruled by the dwarf-king Alberich (British Oberon). Their name came from the Greek kaballoi, horse-riders, which formerly referred to “Amazonian” tribes led by the Goddess. She was called Oberon’s spouse, Titania—queen of the Titans—who were the earth giants worshipped by pre-Hellenic Palesgian people that resisted the gods of Olympus. Likewise, the kobolds lived underground resisting the rule of new celestial deities. A.G.H.