Jainism Cosmology


The Jains inherited the¬†triloka¬†and envisioned it (the world) soimular to an hour-glass, squeezed in at the middle. Above (Urdhvaloka) are a series of heavens of increasing brightness, at the top of which is “the slightly curved place” (Isatpragbhara) where the liberated and disembodied souls dwell. In the middle is the¬†Madhyaloka, which includes the continent inhabited by humans. Below is the¬†Adholoka, a series of increasingly terrible hells-from which release is eventually certain, through the intervening time may be unimaginably long.¬†A.G.H.


Bowker, John, The Oxford Dictionary of World Religions, New York, Oxford University Press, 1997, p. 240