IIslam, and the Qur’an, Ibrahim is the counterpart to Abraham. He is a prophet who along with his son Isma’il (Ishmael) restored the the original monotheistic worship at Kaba and Mecca. “We covenanted with Ibrahim and Ismail that they should sanctify My House…” (Qur’an 2. 125) By the time of Muhammad the cult of Kaba had reverted back to pagan rites. Ibrahim is considered the original Muslim who submitted to Allah as a hanif (monotheist) and Muslim (Qur’an 3. 67). Islam itself is referred to as the “religion of Ibrahim” (millat Ibrahim 2. 130). The Qur’an describes or alludes to various episodes of his early life, notably his refusal to worship idols (Qur’an 37. 33-98; 21. 51-70). The sacrifice that was asked of him, his obedience, and the rescue of his son (not named but generally assumed to be Ismail), (Qur’an 37. 102-111) are significant as an example of perfect submission (islam) to Allah, and he is commended as a “model” (Qur’an 16. 120). A.G.H.


Bowker, John, The Oxford Dictionary of World Religions, New York, Oxford University Press, 1997, pp. 10-11