Himavan: The Embodiment of the Himalayas

Himavan, snowy, is a mountain god in Hindu mythology, and the personification of the Himalaya. He is considered to be the father of Parvati and Ganga. His consort is Mena. A.G.H.


Himavan in Hindu Mythology

Himavan, also known as Himavat, is a significant figure in Hindu mythology. He embodies the sacred and majestic Himalayan mountain range, which holds great spiritual and cultural importance in India and neighboring regions.


Personification of the Himalayas

  • Meaning of Name: ‘Himavan’ translates to ‘snowy’ or ‘frosty’, reflecting his embodiment of the Himalayan mountains, renowned for their snow-covered peaks.
  • Mountain God: As a mountain god, Himavan represents the grandeur, majesty, and spiritual significance of the Himalayas in Hindu thought.


Family and Relationships

  • Father of Parvati and Ganga: Himavan is most notably recognized as the father of Goddess Parvati, the consort of Lord Shiva, and Goddess Ganga, the personification of the holy River Ganges.
  • Consort Mena: His consort, Mena (also known as Menavati), is often depicted as a queen of the mountains and the mother of Parvati and Ganga.


Cultural and Spiritual Importance

  • Symbol of Austerity and Purity: The Himalayas, personified by Himavan, are seen as a symbol of austerity, spiritual purity, and closeness to the divine. Many Hindu sages and yogis are traditionally believed to meditate in these mountains to seek spiritual enlightenment.
  • Setting for Mythological Events: The Himalayas serve as the backdrop for numerous mythological stories and legends in Hinduism, emphasizing their integral role in the cultural and spiritual landscape.


Worship and Depiction

  • Iconography: Himavan is often depicted in Hindu art and literature as a majestic figure, embodying the strength and serenity of the Himalayas.
  • Reverence in Hinduism: While Himavan is not a primary deity in the Hindu pantheon, he is revered for his connection to key goddesses and the sacred geography he represents.


Modern Relevance

  • Environmental Significance: In contemporary times, Himavan symbolizes the importance of nature and the environment, particularly the need to preserve and respect the Himalayas.
  • Inspiration in Arts and Literature: The mythological figure of Himavan continues to inspire works in literature, art, and culture, reflecting the enduring awe and reverence for the Himalayas.



Jordan, Michael, Encyclopedia of Gods, New York, Facts On File, Inc. 1993, p. 105