Harakhte

Harakhte, whose name meant «Horus of the Horizon,» and who was also called «Horus of the Two Horizons».

It was the form that Horus took when light was emphasized. He was identified with Re as he made his daily journey from the eastern to western horizon, and especially in his Khepri and Atum aspects.

The roles of the two gods as solar and as royal deities became inextricably mixed; and under their combined authority Re-Harakhte controlled all of Egypt.

He was represented as a falcon, or a falcon-headed man wearing the solar disc and triple crown or the uraeus and the atef crown. A.G.H.

 

Harakhte egyptian god

Harakhte, an ancient Egyptian deity, represents a fusion of Horus and Re (Ra), the sun god, embodying aspects of light and the solar cycle.

 

Name and Identity

  • «Horus of the Horizon»: Harakhte’s name means «Horus of the Horizon,» indicating his association with the sun’s journey across the sky.
  • Also Known as «Horus of the Two Horizons»: This title reflects the belief that he oversaw both the eastern and western horizons, symbolizing the sun’s daily cycle.

 

Association with Horus and Re

  • Horus Aspect: As a form of Horus, Harakhte represents the god in his solar aspect, emphasizing the element of light.
  • Identification with Re: Harakhte was closely identified with Re, the primary Egyptian sun god, particularly in Re’s daily journey across the sky.
  • Khepri and Atum Aspects: He is associated with Re’s manifestations as Khepri (the morning sun) and Atum (the evening sun), representing the cycle of sunrise and sunset.

 

Roles and Symbolism

  • Solar and Royal Deity: His roles as a solar and royal deity were intertwined with those of Re and Horus, reflecting their combined authority over Egypt.
  • Control over Egypt: The fusion of Re and Horus in Harakhte symbolized the deity’s overarching control and influence over all aspects of Egyptian life and the cosmos.

 

Iconography

  • Falcon or Falcon-Headed Man: Harakhte was often depicted as a falcon or as a man with the head of a falcon, drawing from Horus’s traditional representation.
  • Solar Disc and Crowns: His imagery included the solar disc, symbolizing his connection to the sun, and he was frequently shown wearing the triple crown or the uraeus and the atef crown, representing royal and divine authority.

 

Significance in Egyptian Religion

  • Embodiment of the Sun’s Power: Harakhte personified the sun’s life-giving power and its daily cycle, crucial aspects of Egyptian religion and cosmology.
  • Worship and Veneration: As a significant deity, he was venerated in various forms, and his imagery and symbolism were widespread in Egyptian art and religious practices.

 


Source:

Ions, Veronuca, Egyptian Mythology, Feltham, Middlesex, Hamlyn Publishing Group, Ltd., 1968. p. 70