Folklore of the people


Even though the pre-Incan folklore, legends, of the people is said to come from the ancients, one observes indications of Christian influence. The central character of many of these legends is Ticci Viracocha, Maker of all things. Prior to his time there was an overlord, whose name is no longer remembered, and there was night in the land, possibly comparable to the nothingness prior to God’s creation. Then from the lake in the district of Collasuyn a Lord named Con Tcci Viracocha came with a certain number of people. They went to the village of Tiahuanaco in the Collao. While there, the people say, he and his followers made the sun of day appear and then follow them along their progressive route. He also made the stars and moon, the night.

The people also say that Con Ticci Viraccha had came on an earlier occasion and made the heaven and earth but left everything dark. It was then that he created a race of men which did something to anger him. So he came again and turned the race and their overlord into stone as a punishment for angering him.

As has been said Con Ticci Viracocha created the sun, day, and night at Tiahuanaco, then he made stone models or patterns which he would afterwards produce. From stone he made a certain number of people with a lord governing them. Many women were pregnant; others had small children in cradles of their custom. When finished he repeated this process in another province in Tiahuanaco. Afterwards he commanded all the people with him to journey forth, keeping only two with him. These he commanded to look at the stone figures which he had made, and know the names he had given them. They would be called so and so and would issue from a certain fountain in a certain province to increase and populate it; others would issue from certain cave to populate certain regions. The way he had painted and fashioned each group indicated the province or region to which the people were to go. They would issue from fountains, rivers, caves, and rocks. When all was ready Con Ticci Viracochas called forth his people, each viracocha came forth as instructed taking his or her proper place. After this first call, the two people that had remained with him continued calling forth races.

He himself also continued calling forth races as he traveled the royal road over the sierra going to Cajamarca. When calling forth people by Cuzco (Peru) they did not know him and rushed upon him with weapons in hand intending to kill him. Recognizing their purpose when seeing them rushing towards him, he suddenly made fire fall from heaven which burned a mountain peak near the Indians. Being terrified of being burned, they threw down their weapons and ran straight towards Viracocha. When reaching him they cast themselves on the ground. When seeing them so, he with his staff put out the fire with two or three blows. After informing the Canas who he was, they built a huaca in his honor. There are many more legends about Con Ticci Viracocho and his marvelous works. A.G.H.


Osborne, Harold. South American Mythology. “Library of the World’s Myths and Legends.” New York. Peter Bedrick Books. 1968, 1985. pp. 70-74