From the Greek kosmos, “the universe,” a term applied to the origin of the universe, and to the study of and theories about the origin and development of the universe. In primitive cosmogonies the universe and life were created by a supernatural being. In the Babylonian cosmogony, for example, the god Bel created the sun, stars, earth, and man from a formless chaos. The early Greek cosmogony assigned a similar creative role to the god Uranus, the son of Chaos and husband of Earth. A.G.H.