A system of self-education and selr-improvement developed by Dr. Fredrick Kettner of New York, and founder of the Biosophical Institute. He defined biosophy (derived from Bios, life; and Sophia, intelligence) as the science and art of living based on the awareness and practice of spiritual values, ethical-social principles and character qualities essential to individual freedom. In his booklet The Need for a Thousand Year Plan (1948) he recognizes the part played by the human mind in building civilization, but says, “Humanity’s next problem is to realize the creativity of the heart of man.” A.G.H.


Shepard, Leslie A., ed., Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, 3rd ed, Detroit: Gale Research, Inc., 1991, p. 185