Basilideans, is a Gnostic sect founded by Basilides of Alexandria, that existed during the second century, who claimed to have received his esoteric doctrines from Claucias, an apostle of St. Peter. The Basilideans recognized Abraxas as the Supreme Being whom they worshipped.

Their system had three grades: material, intellectual, and spiritual which the initiates progressed through. Also, it possessed two allegorical statues, male and female. Many points of their doctrine shared resemblance to those of the Ophites and the Jewish Kabbalah. A.G.H.

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