Balmiki, a Panjabi community venerating Valmiki, was a movement of Hindu/Sikh origin that gives enhanced identity to devotees of chuhra (sweeper) status in the caste hierarchy Balmikis revere both theRamayana and Adi Granth, celebrating both Gurpurbs and Hindu festivals, especially the birthday (in October) of Valmiki. In Britain there are temples in Coventry, Bedford, Southall, and Brimingham. Balmiki leaders in Britain have their preferred spelling of Valmiki’. A.G.H.


Bowker, John, The Oxford Dictionary of World Religions, New York, Oxford University Press, 1997, p. 123