Babylon or Babilon used to be the most popular city in old Mesopotamia, whose wreckage is located in present Iraq. It is around 90 kilometers to Baghdad. The word Babylon originated to from ‘bay-il’ which loosely translates as ‘Gate of God’ in the Greek language.
The Babylonian Empire was one the most influential state in the ancient times. There were several wars between the Amorites and Assyrians that led to the exit of the Akkadian ruler and ushered in the formidable Babylon Empire.
Babylon city happened to be the center of the Babylonian Empire and came to limelight after the failure of the third rule of Ur. Nonetheless, Babylon was yet a small empire till Hammurabi came and changed the pace. That fast-tracked the development into a full-blown empire.
Babylonian Belief System
Babylonians built essential monuments like temples, which are structures with decked towers. Some of them are more than 100 meters tall. These temples have religious arts on their walls.
The notable gods represented includes Anu, the chief god in the old times and the god that controls the sky. Enhil is a son to Any, and he is the custodian of human destinies. Enhil would later become the king of gods. Ea is the God of mystics that regulates water and instructs humans in different vocations.
Contributions of Babylonian Empire to Humanity
Fundamental contributions of the Babylonians were evidenced in technology, health, legal counseling, among other fields of human endeavors. The Babylonians recorded significant success in using natural elements to cure diseases. They were also the very first set of humans to draft criminal laws to regulate citizens’ behavior.
Again, the idea of religious gatherings that would later diffuse with modifications to other old beliefs. In the field of technology, the Babylonians were the first to wield alloys with which they manufactured armory and protective gears as well as sculpture works made of alloys.
In agriculture, they innovated irrigation while their sound knowledge of astronomy was a great precursor to modern-day mathematics.
There are three distinct social divisions in Babylonia. At the peak is the noble and royalty, which includes the king, the wife, and children as well as the palace chiefs. The upper-class consists of every landlord and influential persons. Leaders of the temples are also upper-class persons.
The middle strata of the Babylonian society were made up of agriculturists, craftspersons, and tradespeople, while the lowest set of people were the slaves who are usually nationals of a conquered territory. Although there were the temple slaves that people will belong to.
The civilization of Babylon was an excellent precursor to the enlightenment of Mesopotamia. Babylonia leveraged her civilization on the background of the Sumerian development. It was the people of Amorites that commenced the civilization and when Hammurabi became the king, the development became intensified.
Babylonian civilians led to significant improvement in the art of writing and education. Also, the Babylonians wrote so many books on diverse subjects such as geology, mathematics, astrology that forms the basis of academic knowledge today.
Besides, the Hammurabi penal code was the very first law that was formulated to govern human behavior. It is an offpspring of Babylonian civilization that forms the template of modern laws in force today.
Other fields of human life that Babylonian Empire’s civilization has imparted upon include religion, science, arts and architecture, agriculture and commerce.
Babylonian Empire and Civilization have its roots traced back thousand years before the BCE era, in the old Mesopotamia, where they learned most of their civilizations from the Sumerians who had been long civilized.
The enlightenment of Babylon came with several benefits for humans and set the basis for the development and significant civilizations we see in the modern world today.