Astoreth, a Palestinian and Philistine (Israel, Lebanon) fertility goddess, was worshipped from around 1200 BC until 200 BC. Her name was synonymous with Astaroth, and her cult centers were throughout the Palestine coastal region including Jerusalem. Astoreth was equated with the Syrian goddess Astarte, both being modeled on the Mesopotamian Ishtar. She was thought of as love and war goddess, and usually depicted as wearing a horned headdress. Biblical references to her include 1 Kings 11:5 and 2 Kings 23:13. Solomon is said to have built a temple for her near Jerusalem. A.G.H.


Jordan, Michael, Encyclopedia of Gods, New York, Facts On File, Inc. 1993, p. 29-30