Abra-Melin Operation or ritual was first described in The Book of Abramelin (see Abraham the Jew) and then translated into The Sacred Magic of Abramelin by S. L. Mathers in 1899, and employed by Aleister Crowley, in 1904, as a major part of his Thelema magical system. The ritual is one of the sternest to prepare for in occultism. Originally the preparation time required eighteen months but Mathers reduced it to six and Crowley followed suit. The prime goal of the magical operation is to obtain the Knowledge and Conversation of the magician’s Holy Guardian Angel.
The time spent in preparation is grueling. The magician is required to work from sunrise to sunset. He has to lead a complete chase life, drink no alcoholic beverages, and be scrupulously fair in all business dealings.
Once this preparation period has successfully completed his Holy Guardian Angel appears to reveal magical secrets to the magician. Then the magician must evoke the Four Great Princes of Evil in the World (Satan, Lucifer, Leviathan, etc.), their eight sub-princes, and the 316 servitors which will charge previously prepared talismans. Included among these entities are four principle familiar spirits and other familiar spirits associated with the magical word-squares talismans. Control over these entities and talismans will enable the magician to satisfy his needs and desires.
There is nothing exceptional about the magical tasks for which the demons can be commanded to perform; they resemble those typically promised of other grimoires. The magician is promised the capability to buried treasure, to cast love charms, to have magical flight, to possess invisibility among other things.
Magic squares are predominantly in the instructions for conducting these magical feats as does a recipe for the anointing oil (taken from Exodus 30) and used as ceremonial oil called Abramelin’s Oil (a). Other ceremonial tools include a holy Lamp, a Wand made of a special almond branch, a special incense recipe (also taken from Exodus 30) presently known as Abramelin’s Incense (b), various robes, a square or seven sided plate of silver or (bees) wax, and other tools.
The Abra-Melin Operation has been compared to The Goetia especially by European scholars in that demons are conjured, but the main focus of the former is the communication of the Holy Guardian Angel. A.G.H.