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Azazel, Semjaza in the Book of Enoch, was the leader of some 200 angels who disobeyed God. They lusted after beautiful and comely daughters of men of the earth. Not only lusted after these women but desired children of their own who was prohibited them being spiritual children of heaven. The angels were of the order of the Watchers, sleepless ones. They descended Mount Hermon to the earth. There they took wives, and entered them, thus defiling themselves. They taught their wives charms, enchantments, botany, and the cutting of roots. Azazel taught the men to make weapons of war, swords, knifes, and shields. He also introduced the evil art of cosmetics.
As a punishment the Watchers and their offspring, the great giants, were made to suffer. After the offspring had pillaged everything including man and beast, God sent the archangel Raphael to imprison Azazel in the desert till the last judgment when he will be thrown into the eternal fire. The other Watchers were forced to watch their children being killed. Then the archangel Michael, upon God's order, was to bind then in the valleys of the earth until the day they were to be cast into the torment in the abyss of fire. However, the earth was not purged of evil, demons emerged from the bodies of the dead giants causing wickedness, destruction, and oppression ever since.
Here again, there seems to be an apparent indication that God wanted to keep knowledge from man, a belief closely akin to Gnosticism. The two main examples are the serpent tempting Eve in the Garden of Eden and the fallen angels given the Kabbalah to Adam and humankind. In each case the adversary of God gave man knowledge. One wonders whether God originally intended to keep man unintelligible; if he intended for man not to use his mind and be totally dependent on him; is he the selfish God as he described himself. Of course, there is the parallel situation between Prometheus and Zeus when the former gave mankind fire. Also, performing charms and enchantments, and practicing botany are chief arts of Witchcraft.
It may be noted here that some support the theory proposing that the human race gain its additional intelligence from some alien race which visited earth in the distant past. One such proponent of this theory was Erich von Daniken in his book Chariot of the Gods?, 1968. Even though von Daniken has received much criticism, he has stated that he think artifacts and statures around the world such as at Stonehenge and on Easter Island were either made by extraterrestrial visitors, possessing supernatural intelligence and perhaps Gods themselves, or by humans who received such knowledge from these visitors. Another example he gave to empathize his theory is the depiction of the landing of a space craft in the Book of Ezekiel. Such theories seem to support the possibility of ancient alien visitors on earth. A.G.H.
Cavendish, Richard, The Black Arts, New York: Peigee
Books, Berkley Publishing Group, 1967, pp. 285-286
Easter Island <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Easter_Island>
Erich von Daniken <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Von_Daniken>
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