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Kischuph, in the Kabbalah, is the
higher magical influence. It is divided into
two branches, the elementary and the spiritual, and includes exorcism.
Sometimes Kischuph exhibits a striking resemblance to witchcraft of the
medieval period. Sorcerers were said to change themselves into animals (see
Metamorphosis), and go long distances
in a short time (see Flying). They may also
induce pain, disease, and death in men and animals. Still further allied
with witches are the "women who make a contract with the Schedim, and
meet them a certain times, and visit these spirits who appear to them in
the shape of goats. In many countries such women were killed." This
form of Kischuph is true sorcery; the other form, material Kischuph, is
rather evil sympathy, consisting of disturbing influences on natural elements
produced by exciting false "rapports" in various substances. A.G.H.