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A term used in Freemasonry, also known as adoptive Masonry, allowing for the admission and initiation of women. Traditionally women were not admitted into Freemasonry; however, historically there were some exceptions. Count Cagliostro did admit women into his sacred Egyptian Masonic Rite, and the Duchess of Bourbon presided as the Grand Mistress of the Grand Orient of France (1775); the Rite of Mizraim established Masonic lodges for both men and women as early as 1819. In authentic Co-Masonic orders, the rites have the same structure as in orthodox Freemasonry, and men and women hold corresponding ranks. A.G.H.