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Babism


Babish is the doctrine of a mystical religious sect that broke off from Mohammedanism in 1844. Mirza Ali Mohammed of Shiraz who was influenced by both Sufism and Gnosticism founded the doctrine. It taught, among other tenets, that God was unknowable; that prophecy continues until the end of the universe; that each divine prophet foretold his successor; and that numbers have a supreme mystical importance, notably the number "19," for it is the "number of unity." The mystic significance of numbers pointed to the Bab's successor, the Bab being the leader of the sect, and the term meaning, "gate" the receiver of the divine revelation. A.G.H.


Source: 2, 21-22.