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Anabaptists, another name for re-baptizers, were among the radical and Reformed groups who urged the baptism of believers in the profession of personal faith. The first congregation was formed in Zurich in 1525, later called "the Swiss Brethren." With other leaders groups sprung up in Germany. This belief was comprised of unorthodox Christology and millenarianism with deep piety. With the spreading of persecution, people forced from their homes, many Anabaptists came to regard baptism as an initiation into Christian suffering, with Christ as the proto-martyr of their faith. Radical views and actions took shape, polygamy was introduced at Miinster. This brought on more persecution with the lost of many thousands of lives. Eventually this lead to the adoption of pacifism and strict discipleship, separation from the world-refusing militarism and taking civil oaths-and the simplicity of leading a holy life. They formed a belief of love, its application, and God is love himself. A.G.H.
Bowker, John. ed. The Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. New York. Oxford University Press. 1997. p. 61